PAN-OS

Follow these recommended practices for deploying Palo Alto Networks URL filtering solution.
  1. Use Test A Site to see how PAN-DB—the URL filtering cloud database—categorizes a specific URL and to learn about all possible URL categories.
    You can also use Test A Site to submit a request to change the category for a URL if you disagree with how a specific URL is categorized.
  2. Create a passive URL Filtering profile that alerts on all categories so you have visibility into web traffic.
    1. Select
      Objects
      Security Profiles
      > URL Filtering
      .
    2. Select the default profile and then click
      Clone
      . The new profile will be named
      default-1
      .
    3. Select the
      default-1
      profile and rename it. For example, rename it to URL-Monitoring.
  3. Configure the action for all categories to
    alert
    , except for malware, command-and-control, and phishing, which should remain blocked.
    1. In the section that lists all URL categories, select all categories and then de-select malware, command-and-control, and phishing.
    2. To the right of the Action column heading, mouse over and select the down arrow and then select
      Set Selected Actions
      and choose
      alert
      .
    3. Block
      access to known dangerous URL categories.
      Block access to malware, phishing, dynamic-dns, unknown, command-and-control, extremism, copyright-infringement, proxy-avoidance-and-anonymizers, newly-registered-domain, grayware, and parked URL categories.
    4. Click
      OK
      to save the profile.
  4. Apply the URL Filtering profile to Security policy rules that allow traffic from clients in the trust zone to the Internet.
    Make sure the
    Source Zone
    in the Security policy rules you add URL Access Management profiles to is set to a protected internal network.
    1. Select
      Policies
      Security
      . Then, select a Security policy rule to modify.
    2. On the
      Actions
      tab, edit the Profile Setting.
    3. For
      Profile Type
      , select
      Profiles
      . A list of profiles appears.
    4. For
      URL Filtering
      profile, select the profile you just created.
    5. Click
      OK
      to save your changes.
  5. Commit
    the configuration.
  6. View the URL filtering logs to see all of the website categories that your users are accessing. The categories you’ve set to block are also logged.
    For information on viewing the logs and generating reports, see Monitoring Web Activity.
    Select
    Monitor
    Logs
    URL Filtering
    . A log entry will be created for any website that exists in the URL filtering database that is in a category set to any action other than
    allow
    . URL Filtering reports give you a view of web activity in a 24-hour period. (
    Monitor
    Reports
    ).
  7. Next Steps:
    • PAN-DB categorizes every URL with up to four categories, and every URL has a risk category (high, medium, and low). While high and medium-risk sites are not confirmed malicious, they are closely associated with malicious sites. For example, they might be on the same domain as malicious sites or maybe they hosted malicious content until only very recently. For everything that you do not allow or block, you can use risk categories to write simple policy based on website safety.
      You can take precautionary measures to limit your users’ interaction high-risk sites especially, as there might be some cases where you want to give your users access to sites that might also present safety concerns (for example, you might want to allow your developers to use developer blogs for research, yet blogs are a category known to commonly host malware).
    • Pair URL filtering with User-ID to control web access based on organization or department and to block corporate credential submissions to unsanctioned sites:
      • URL filtering prevents credential theft by detecting corporate credential submissions to sites based on the site category. Block users from submitting credentials to malicious and untrusted sites, warn users against entering corporate credentials on unknown sites or reusing corporate credentials on non-corporate sites, and explicitly allow users to submit credentials to corporate sites.
      • Add or update a Security policy rule with the passive URL Filtering profile so that it applies to a department user group, for example, Marketing or Engineering (
        Policies
        Security
        User
        ). Monitor the department activity, and get feedback from department members to understand the web resources that are essential to the work they do.
    • Consider all the ways of leveraging URL filtering to reduce your attack surface. For example, a school may use URL filtering to strict safe search settings for students. Or, if you have a security operations center, you might give only threat analysts password access to compromised or dangerous sites for research.

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