End-of-Life (EoL)

Install the Cortex XDR Agent for Linux

Cortex XDR agent for Linux is designed to protect Linux servers and operates transparently in the background as a system process. The agent also extends exploit and malware protection to processes that run in Linux containers. When you install the Cortex XDR agent on a Linux server, the agent automatically protects any new and existing containerized processes regardless of the container solution (for example, docker). Each Linux server receives a single license which includes protection for container processes.
After you install Cortex XDR agent for Linux, it is typically not necessary to interact with the agent; however, to perform common actions, such as initiating a manual check in with Cortex XDR, you can use the command-line utility named Cytool. Cytool is available in the
/opt/traps/bin/cytool
directory and must be run as root or with root permissions.
Before installing the agent on a Linux server, verify that the system meets the requirements described in Cortex XDR Agent for Linux Requirements.
If you intend to use SELinux, make sure to enable it before you proceed with the Cortex XDR agent installation. This ensures that the agent disables any injection-based modules which cause compatibility issues. If you later enable SELinux, you must reinstall the agent to avoid any compatibility issues.
You can then install the Cortex XDR agent using software distribution tools that support Linux such as Satellite or Chef, or you can manually install the agent using the following workflow:
  1. Download the Cortex XDR agent installation script from Cortex XDR.
  2. Copy the installation package to the Linux server on which you want to install the Cortex XDR agent software.
    For example, to copy the file securely from a local machine to the Linux server:
    user@local ~ $
    scp linux.sh root@ubuntu.example.com:/tmp
    linux.sh 100% 21MB 1.2MB/s 00:18
  3. Log on to the Linux server.
    For example:
    user@local ~ $
    ssh root@ubuntu.example.com
    Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-1041-aws x86_64) * Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com * Management: https://landscape.canonical.com * Support: https://ubuntu.com/advantage Get cloud support with Ubuntu Advantage Cloud Guest: http://www.ubuntu.com/business/services/cloud 0 packages can be updated. 0 updates are security updates. Last login: Tue Dec 26 22:14:15 2017 from 192.168.1.100
  4. Install the Cortex XDR agent software.
    1. Enable execution of the script using the
      chmod +x
      filename
      command.
    2. Run the install script as root or with root permissions.
      For example:
      root@ubuntu:/$
      cd /tmp
      root@ubuntu:/tmp$
      ls
      linux.sh root@ubuntu:/tmp$
      chmod +x linux.sh
      root@ubuntu:/tmp$
      ./linux.sh
      Verifying archive integrity... All good. Uncompressing Cortex XDR 634e4d93bb3fb87a Installer for Cloud 100% [*] Extracting Cortex XDR Installer Verifying archive integrity... All good. Uncompressing Cortex XDR agent_linux-0.7.0-dbg installer 100% [1] Checking prerequisites Verifying Debian (dpkg) packages: * openssl ... OK * ca-certificates ... OK Done [2] Installing Cortex XDR at /opt/traps Done [3] Creating logger directory Done [4] Installing AppArmor policies Done [5] Defining Cortex XDR local services (systemd) Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/traps_trapsd.service to /etc/systemd/system/traps_trapsd.service. Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/traps_pmd.service to /etc/systemd/system/traps_pmd.service. Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/traps_authorized.service to /etc/systemd/system/traps_authorized.service. Done [*] Starting Coretx XDR security services (systemd) Done
      Additional options are available to help you customize your installation if needed. The following table describes common options that you can use but does not provide an exhaustive list. Use the --help option to print the help for the installer.
      Option
      Description
      --no-km
      Use the
      --no-km
      option if you do not want to install the Cortex XDR agent kernel module. If you install the agent without the Cortex XDR kernel module or your Linux server runs an unsupported kernel version, the Cortex XDR agent will operate in asynchronous mode where:
      • Continuous event monitoring required for Behavioral Threat Protection is disabled.
      • Sharing endpoint activity data with Cortex apps is disabled.
      • ELF file examination occurs in parallel with the file execution. If the Cortex XDR agent obtains a malware verdict for the ELF file, it terminates the file execution. Security events for malware in asynchronous mode are assigned a high severity due to the potential for continued execution during the verdict request while security events in synchronous mode are medium severity.
      • All other exploit and malware protection is enabled per your Linux security policy.
      -- --proxy-list ”
      <proxyserver>
      :
      <port>
      Configure the Cortex XDR agent to communicate through an intermediary such as a proxy or the Palo Alto Networks Broker Service.
      To enable the agent to direct communication to an intermediary, you use this installation option to assign the IP address and port number you want the Cortex XDR agent to use.
      Use commas to separate multiple addresses. For example:
      -- --proxy-list "10.196.20.244:8080,10.196.20.245:8080"
      You can assign up to five different IP addresses per agent, and the proxy for communication is selected randomly with equal probability.
      To enable the agent to use the Broker Service, you must set up a Broker VM in your network and use this option to assign the agent the Broker VM IP address with port number 8888.
      After the initial installation, you can change the proxy settings from Cortex XDR.
      The script installs the files for the Cortex XDR agent for Linux in the
      /opt/traps
      folder with the Cytool utility available at
      /opt/traps/bin/cytool
      .
      After the agent successfully connects to the server for the first time and retrieves a valid license, the agent begins protecting the Linux server.
      If the Cortex XDR agent does not connect to Cortex XDR, verify your internet connection and perform a check-in on the endpoint. If the agent still does not connect, verify the installation package has not been removed from the Cortex XDR management console.
  5. For a list of available options, enter the
    cytool
    command without any arguments or with
    -h
    or
    --help
    .

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