Define the GlobalProtect Agent Configurations
After a GlobalProtect user connects to the portal and is authenticated by the GlobalProtect portal, the portal sends the agent configuration to the agent or app, based on the settings you defined. If you have different roles for users or groups that need specific configurations, you can create a separate agent configuration for each user type or user group. The portal uses the OS of the endpoint and the username or group name to determine the agent configuration to deploy. As with other security rule evaluations, the portal starts to search for a match at the top of the list. When it finds a match, the portal sends the right configuration to the agent or app.
The configuration can include the following:
- A list of gateways to which the client can connect.
- Among the external gateways, any gateway that the user can manually select for the session.
- The root CA certificate required to enable the agent or app to establish an SSL connection with the GlobalProtect gateway(s).
- The root CA certificate for SSL forward proxy decryption.
- The client certificate that the endpoint should present to the gateway when it connects. This configuration is required only if mutual authentication between the client and the portal or gateway is required.
- A secure encrypted cookie that the endpoint should present to the portal or gateway when it connects. The cookie is included only if you enable the portal to generate one.
- The settings the endpoint uses to determine whether it is connected to the local network or to an external network.
- Settings for the behavior of the agent or app, such as what the end users can see in their display, whether they can save their GlobalProtect password, and whether they are prompted to upgrade their software.
If the portal is down or unreachable, the agent will use the cached version of its agent configuration from its last successful portal connection to obtain settings, including the gateway(s) to which the agent can connect, what root CA certificate(s) to use to establish secure communication with the gateway(s), and what connect method to use.
Use the following procedure to create an agent configuration.
- Add one or more trusted root CA certificates to the portal agent configuration to enable the GlobalProtect client to verify the identity of the portal and gateways.The portal deploys the certificate in a certificate file which is read only by GlobalProtect.
- Select the portal configuration to which you are adding the agent configuration and then select theAgenttab.
- In theTrusted Root CAfield,Addand then select the CA certificate that was used to issue the gateway and/or portal server certificates.The web interface presents a list of CA certificates that are imported on the firewall serving as the GlobalProtect portal. The web interface also excludes end-entity certificates, sometimes referred to as leaf certificates, from the list of certificates you can select. You can alsoImporta new CA certificate.Use the following best practices when creating and adding certificates:
Following these best practices protects the agent or app from man-in-the-middle attacks.
- Use the same certificate issuer to issue certificates for all of your gateways.
- Add the entire certificate chain (trusted root CA and intermediate CA certificates) to the portal agent configuration.
- (Optional) Deploy additional CA certificates for purposes other than GlobalProtect (for example, SSL forward proxy decryption).This option enables you to use the portal to deploy certificates to the endpoint and the agent to install them in the local root certificate store. This can be useful if you do not have another method for distributing these server certificates or prefer to use the portal for certificate distribution.For SSL forward proxy decryption, you specify the forward trust certificate the firewall uses (on Windows and Mac endpoints only) to terminate the HTTPS connection, inspect the traffic for policy compliance, and re-establish the HTTPS connection to forward the encrypted traffic.
- Add the certificate as described in the previous step.
- To the right of the certificate, selectInstall in Local Root Certificate Store.The portal automatically sends the certificate when the user logs in to the portal and installs it in the client's local store thus eliminating the need for you to install the certificate manually.
- Add an agent configuration.The agent configuration specifies the GlobalProtect configuration settings to deploy to the connecting agents/apps. You must define at least one agent configuration.
- In the Agent area,Adda new configuration.
- Enter aNameto identify the configuration. If you plan to create multiple configurations, make sure the name you define for each is descriptive enough to allow you to distinguish them.
- (Optional) Configure settings to specify how users with this configuration will authenticate with the portal.If the gateway is to authenticate the clients by using a client certificate, you must select the source that distributes the certificate.On theAuthenticationtab, configure any of the following authentication settings:
If you configure the portal or gateways to prompt for a dynamic password such as a one-time password (OTP), the user must enter a new password at each login. In this case, the GlobalProtect agent/app ignores the selection to save both the username and password, if specified, and saves only the username. For more information, see Enable Two-Factor Authentication Using One-Time Passwords (OTPs).
- To enable users to authenticate with the portal using client certificates, select theClient Certificatesource (SCEP,Local, orNone) that distributes the certificate and its private key to an endpoint. If you use an internal CA to distribute certificates to clients, selectNone(default). To enable the portal to generate and send a machine certificate to the agent for storage in the local certificate store and use the certificate for portal and gateway authentication, selectSCEPand the associated SCEP profile. These certificates are device-specific and can only be used on the endpoint to which it was issued. To use the same certificate for all endpoints, select a certificate that isLocalto the portal. WithNone, the portal does not push a certificate to the client, but you can use can other ways to get a certificate to the client’s endpoint.
- Specify whether toSave User Credentials. SelectYesto save the username and password (default),Save Username Onlyto save only the username, orNoto never save credentials.
- If the GlobalProtect endpoint does not require tunnel connections when it is on the internal network, configure internal host detection.
- Select theInternal Host Detectioncheck box.
- Enter theIP Addressof a host that can be reached from the internal network only.
- Enter the DNSHostnamefor the IP address you entered. Clients that try to connect to GlobalProtect attempt to do a reverse DNS lookup on the specified address. If the lookup fails, the client determines that it is on the external network and then initiates a tunnel connection to a gateway on its list of external gateways.
- Set up access to a third-party mobile endpoint management system.This step is required if the mobile devices using this configuration will be managed by a third-party mobile endpoint management system. All devices will initially connect to the portal and, if a third-party mobile endpoint management system is configured on the corresponding portal agent configuration, the device will be redirected to it for enrollment.
- Enter the IP address or FQDN of the device check-in interface associated with your mobile endpoint management system. The value you enter here must exactly match the value of the server certificate associated with the device check-in interface.
- Specify theEnrollment Porton which the mobile endpoint management system will be listening for enrollment requests. This value must match the value set on the mobile endpoint management system (default=443).
- Configure the user or user group and the endpoint OS to which the agent configuration applies.The portal uses the user/user group settings you specify to determine which configuration to deliver to the GlobalProtect agents that connect. Therefore, if you have multiple configurations, you must make sure to order them properly. As soon as the portal finds a match, it will deliver the configuration. Therefore, more specific configurations must precede more general ones. See 12 for instructions on ordering the list of agent configurations.Select theUser/User Grouptab and then specify any users, user groups, and/or operating systems to which this configuration should apply:
- To deliver this configuration to agents or apps running on specific operating systems,Addthe OS (Android,Chrome,iOS,Mac, Windows, orWindowsUWP) to which this configuration applies. Or leave the value in this section set toAnyto deploy the configuration based on user/group only.
- To restrict this configuration to a specific user or group, clickAddin the User/User Group section of the window and then select the user or group you want to receive this configuration from the drop-down. Repeat this step for each user and group you want to add.
- To restrict the configuration to users who have not yet logged in to their systems, selectpre-logonfrom theUser/User Groupdrop-down.
- To apply the configuration to any user regardless of login status (both pre-logon and logged in users), selectanyfrom the User/User Group drop-down.
- Specify the gateways to which users with this configuration can connect.Consider the following best practices when you configure the gateways:
- Make sure you do not use on-demand as the connect method if your configuration includes internal gateways.
- On theGatewaystab, clickAddin the section for Internal Gateways or External Gateways, depending on which type of gateway you are adding.
- Enter a descriptiveNamefor the gateway. The name you enter here should match the name you defined when you configured the gateway and should be descriptive enough for users to know the location of the gateway they are connected to.
- Enter the FQDN or IP address of the interface where the gateway is configured in theAddressfield. The address you specify must exactly match the Common Name (CN) in the gateway server certificate.
- (External gateways only) Set thePriorityof the gateway by clicking in the field and selecting a value:
- If you have only one external gateway, you can leave the value set toHighest(the default).
- If you have multiple external gateways, you can modify the priority values (ranging fromHighesttoLowest) to indicate a preference for the specific user group to which this configuration applies. For example, if you prefer that the user group connects to a local gateway you would set the priority higher than that of more geographically distant gateways. The priority value is then used to weight the agent’s gateway selection algorithm.
- If you do not want agents to automatically establish tunnel connections with the gateway, selectManual only. This setting is useful in testing environments.
- (External gateways only) Select theManualcheck box if you want to allow users to be able to manually switch to the gateway.
- Customize the behavior of the GlobalProtect agent for users with this configuration.
- (Optional) Define any custom host information profile (HIP) data that you want the agent to collect and/or exclude HIP categories from collection.This step only applies if you plan to use the HIP feature and there is information you want to collect that cannot be collected using the standard HIP objects or if there is HIP information that you are not interested in collecting. See Use Host Information in Policy Enforcement for details on setting up and using the HIP feature.
- SelectData Collectionand enable the GlobalProtect agent toCollect HIP Data.
- Arrange the agent configurations so that the proper configuration is deployed to each agent.When an agent connects, the portal will compare the source information in the packet against the agent configurations you have defined. As with security rule evaluation, the portal looks for a match starting from the top of the list. When it finds a match, it delivers the corresponding configuration to the agent or app.
- To move an agent configuration up on the list of configurations, select the configuration and clickMove Up.
- To move an agent configuration down on the list of configurations, select the configuration and clickMove Down.
- Save the portal configuration.
- ClickOKto save the settings and close the GlobalProtect Portal Configuration dialog.
- Committhe changes.
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