How Does the Agent Know Which Certificate to Supply?
When you configure GlobalProtect to use client certificates
for authentication on Mac or Windows endpoints, GlobalProtect must
present a valid client certificate to authenticate with the portal
For a client certificate to be valid, it must meet the following
Issued by the certificate authority (CA) you defined
in the Certificate Profile of your portal and gateway configurations.
Specifies the client authentication purpose, which the certificate
administrator specifies when creating the certificate.
Located in the certificate store as configured in the GlobalProtect
portal agent configuration. By default, the GlobalProtect agent
first looks for a valid certificate in the user store and, if none
exists, then looks in the machine store. Because the user store
takes precedence, if the GlobalProtect agent locates a certificate
in the user store, it will not look in the machine store. To force the
GlobalProtect agent to look for certificates in only one certificate
store, configure the
Client Certificate Store Lookup
in the appropriate GlobalProtect portal agent configuration.
Match any additional purpose specified in the GlobalProtect
portal agent configuration. To specify an additional purpose, you
must identify the object identifier (OID) for the certificate and
Extended Key Usage OID
in the appropriate GlobalProtect portal agent configuration. An
OID is a numeric value that identifies the application or service
for which to use a certificate and that is automatically attached
to a certificate when it is created by a certificate authority (CA).
For more information on specifying a common or custom OID, see Certificate Selection by OID.
When only one client certificate meets the requirements above,
the agent automatically selects and uses that client certificate
for authentication. However, when multiple client certificates meet
the these requirements, GlobalProtect prompts the user to select
the client certificate from a list of valid client certificates
on the endpoint. While GlobalProtect requires users to select the
client certificate only when they first connect, users might not
know which certificate to select. In this case, we recommend you
to narrow the list of available client certificates by certificate
purpose (as indicated by the OID) and certificate store. For more
information on these and other settings you can configure to customize
your agent, see Customize
the GlobalProtect Agent.