Enable Authentication Using a Certificate Profile
The following workflow shows how to enable authentication for strongSwan clients using a certificate profile.
- Configure an IPSec tunnel for the GlobalProtect
gateway for communicating with a strongSwan client.
- Select NetworkGlobalProtectGateways and then select the gateway name.
- Select the Certificate Profile you want to use for authentication in the Authentication tab.
- Select AgentTunnel Settings and specify
the following settings to set up a tunnel:
- Select the check box to Enable X-Auth Support.
- If a Group Name and Group Password are already configured, remove them.
- Click OK to save the settings.
- Verify that the default connection settings in the conn
%default section of the IPSec tunnel configuration file
(ipsec.conf) are correctly defined for the
strongSwan client.The ipsec.conf file is usually found in the /etc folder.The configurations in this procedure are tested and verified for the following releases:
The configurations in this procedure can be used for reference if you are using a different version of strongSwan. Refer to the strongSwan wiki for more information.Modify the following settings in the conn %default section of the ipsec.conf file to these recommended settings.
- Ubuntu 14.0.4 with strongSwan 5.1.2 and CentOS 6.5 with strongSwan 5.1.3 for PAN-OS 6.1.
- Ubuntu 14.0.4 with strongSwan 5.2.1 for PAN-OS 7.0.
ikelifetime=20m reauth=yes rekey=yes keylife=10m rekeymargin=3m rekeyfuzz=0% keyingtries=1 type=tunnel
- Modify the strongSwan client’s IPSec configuration file
(ipsec.conf) and the IPSec password file (ipsec.secrets)
to use recommended settings.The ipsec.secrets file is usually found in the /etc folder.Use the strongSwan client username as the certificate’s common name.Modify the following items in the ipsec.conf file to these recommended settings.
conn <connection name> keyexchange=ikev1 authby=rsasig ike=aes-sha1-modp1024,aes256 left=<strongSwan/Linux-client-IP-address> leftcert=<client certificate with the strongSwan client username used as the certificate’s common name> leftsourceip=%config leftauth2=xauth right=<GlobalProtect-Gateway-IP-address> rightid=“CN=<Subject-name-of-gateway-certificate>” rightsubnet=0.0.0.0/0 auto=addModify the following items in the ipsec.conf file to these recommended settings.
:RSA <private key file> “<passphrase if used>”
- Start strongSwan IPSec services and connect to the IPSec
tunnel that you want the strongSwan client to use when authenticating
to the GlobalProtect gateway.Use the config <name> variable to name the tunnel configuration.
- Ubuntu clients:
ipsec start ipsec up <name>
- CentOS clients:
strongSwan start strongswan up <name>
- Verify that the tunnel is set up correctly and the VPN
connection is established to both the strongSwan client and the GlobalProtect
- Verify the detailed status information on
a specific connection (by naming the connection) or verify the status information
for all connections from the strongSwan client:
- Ubuntu clients:
ipsec statusall [<connection name>]
- CentOS clients:
strongswan statusall [<connection name>]
- Select NetworkGlobalProtectGateways. Then, in the Info column, select Remote Users for the gateway configured for the connection to the strongSwan client. The strongSwan client should be listed under Current Users.
- Verify the detailed status information on a specific connection (by naming the connection) or verify the status information for all connections from the strongSwan client:
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