Mixed Internal and External Gateway Configuration

In a GlobalProtect mixed internal and external gateway configuration, you can configure separate gateways for VPN access and for access to your sensitive internal resources. With this configuration, the GlobalProtect app performs internal host detection to determine if it is on the internal or external network. If the app determines that it is on the external network, it attempts to connect to the external gateways listed in its client configuration, and then it establishes a connection to the gateway with the highest priority and shortest response time.
If you configure all external gateways as manual-only gateways but the GlobalProtect connect method as
User-Logon (Always On)
or
Pre-Logon (Always On)
, the GlobalProtect app does not automatically connect to any external gateways. GlobalProtect remains in the
Not Connected
state until the external user establishes a gateway connection manually. This behavior enables you to deploy GlobalProtect to derive User-ID for internal users while supporting
On-Demand
VPN behavior for external users.
Because security policies are defined separately on each gateway, you have granular control over the resources to which your external and internal users have access. In addition, you also have granular control over the gateways to which users have access by configuring the portal to deploy different client configurations based on user/group membership or HIP profile matching.
In this example, the portals and all three gateways (one external and two internal) are deployed on separate firewalls. The external gateway at gpvpn.acme.com provides remote VPN access to the corporate network, while the internal gateways provide granular access to sensitive datacenter resources based on group membership. In addition, HIP checks are used to ensure that hosts accessing the datacenter are up-to-date on security patches.
GlobalProtect Deployment with Internal and External Gateways
gp-internal-external-gw.png
Use the following steps to configure a mix of internal and external GlobalProtect gateways.
  1. In this configuration, you must set up interfaces on the firewall hosting a portal and each firewall hosting a gateway.
    Do not attach an interface management profile that allows HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet, or SSH on the interface where you have configured a GlobalProtect portal or gateway because this enables access to your management interface from the Internet. Follow the Best Practices for Securing Administrative Access to ensure that you are securing administrative access to your firewalls in a way that will prevent successful attacks.
    Use the
    default
    virtual router for all interface configurations to avoid having to create inter-zone routing.
    On the firewall hosting the portal gateway (gp.acme.com):
    • Select
      Network
      Interfaces
      Ethernet
      and configure
      ethernet1/2
      as a Layer 3 Ethernet interface with IP address
      198.51.100.42
      . Assign it to the
      l3-untrust
      Security Zone
      and the default
      Virtual Router
      .
    • Create a DNS “A” record that maps IP address 198.51.100.42 to gp.acme.com.
    • Select
      Network
      Interfaces
      Tunnel
      and
      Add
      the
      tunnel.2
      interface. Assign it to a new
      Security Zone
      called
      corp-vpn
      and the default
      Virtual Router
      .
    • Enable User Identification on the corp-vpn zone.
    On the firewall hosting the external gateway (gpvpn.acme.com):
    • Select
      Network
      Interfaces
      Ethernet
      and configure
      ethernet1/5
      as a Layer 3 Ethernet interface with IP address
      192.0.2.4
      . Assign it to the
      l3-untrust
      Security Zone
      and the default
      Virtual Router
      .
    • Create a DNS “A” record that maps IP address 192.0.2.4 to gpvpn.acme.com.
    • Select
      Network
      Interfaces
      Tunnel
      and
      Add
      the
      tunnel.3
      interface. Assign it to a new
      Security Zone
      called
      corp-vpn
      and the default
      Virtual Router
      .
    • Enable User Identification on the corp-vpn zone.
    On the firewall hosting the internal gateways (california.acme.com and newyork.acme.com):
    • Select
      Network
      Interfaces
      Ethernet
      and configure a Layer 3 Ethernet interface with IP addresses on the internal network. Assign them to the
      l3-trust
      Security Zone
      and the default
      Virtual Router
      .
    • Create a DNS “A” record that maps the internal IP addresses california.acme.com and newyork.acme.com.
    • Enable User Identification on the l3-trust zone.
  2. Purchase and install a GlobalProtect subscription for each firewall hosting a gateway (internal and external) if your end users will be using the GlobalProtect app on their mobile endpoints or if you plan on using HIP-enabled security policy.
    Gateway_license.png
    After you purchase the GlobalProtect subscriptions and receive your activation code, install the GlobalProtect subscriptions on the firewalls hosting your gateways:
    1. Select
      Device
      Licenses
      .
    2. Select
      Activate feature using authorization code
      .
    3. When prompted, enter the
      Authorization Code
      and then click
      OK
      .
    4. Verify that the license and subscriptions were successfully activated.
    Contact your Palo Alto Networks Sales Engineer or Reseller if you do not have the required licenses. For more information on licensing, see About GlobalProtect Licenses.
  3. Obtain server certificates for the GlobalProtect portal and each GlobalProtect gateway.
    In order to connect to the portal for the first time, the endpoints must trust the root CA certificate used to issue the portal server certificate.
    You can use self-signed certificates on the gateways and deploy the root CA certificate to the apps in the client configuration. The best practice is to generate all of the certificates on firewall hosting the portal and deploy them to the gateways.
    The recommended workflow is as follows:
  4. Define how you authenticate users to the portal and gateways.
    You can use any combination of certificate profiles and/or authentication profiles to ensure the security of your portal and gateways. Portals and individual gateways can also use different authentication schemes. See the following sections for step-by-step instructions:
    You must then reference the certificate profile and/or authentication profiles that you defined in your portal and gateway configurations.
  5. Create the HIP profiles you will need to enforce security policy on gateway access.
    See Host Information for more information on HIP matching.
    1. Create the HIP objects to filter the raw host data collected by the app. For example, if you are interested in preventing users that are not up to date with required patches, you might create a HIP object to match on whether the patch management software is installed and that all patches with a given severity are up to date.
      not-missing-patch-hip-object.png
    2. For example, if you want to ensure that only Windows endpoints with up-to-date patches can access your internal applications, you might attach the following HIP profile to match hosts that do NOT have a missing patch:
      not-missing-patch-hip-profile.png
  6. Configure the internal gateways.
    Select
    Network
    GlobalProtect
    Gateways
    and
    Add
    gateway configurations with the following settings:
    • Interface
    • IP Address
    • Server Certificate
    • Authentication Profile
      and/or
      Configuration Profile
    Notice that it is not necessary to configure the client configuration settings in the gateway configurations (unless you want to set up HIP notifications) because tunnel connections are not required. See Configure a GlobalProtect Gateway for step-by-step instructions on creating the gateway configurations.
  7. Configure the GlobalProtect Portals.
    Although this example shows how to create a single client configuration to be deployed to all apps, you could also create separate configurations for different uses and then deploy them based on user/group name and/or the endpoint operating system on which the app is running.
    Select
    Network
    GlobalProtect
    Portals
    and
    Add
    the following portal configuration:
    1. Interface
      ethernet1/2
      IP Address
      10.31.34.13
      Server Certificate
      GP-server-cert.pem issued by GoDaddy
      with
      CN=gp.acme.com
    2. Internal Host Detection
      enabled
      Use single sign-on
      enabled
      Connect Method
      User-logon (Always On)
      External Gateway Address
      gpvpn.acme.com
      Internal Gateway Address
      california.acme.com, newyork.acme.com
      User/User Group
      —any
    3. Commit
      the portal configuration.
  8. Select
    Device
    GlobalProtect Client
    .
    In this example, use the procedure to Host App Updates on the Portal.
  9. Create security policy rules on each gateway to safely enable access to applications for your VPN users.
    • Create security policies (
      Policies
      Security
      ) to enable traffic flow between the corp-vpn zone and the l3-trust zone.
    • Create HIP-enabled and user/group-based policy rules to enable granular access to your internal datacenter resources.
    • For visibility, create rules that allow all users web-browsing access to the l3-untrust zone using the default security profiles to protect you from known threats.
    gp-policy-int-ext.png
  10. Save the GlobalProtect configuration.
    Commit
    your portal and gateway configurations.

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