SSL Inbound Inspection Decryption Profile
The Inbound Inspection Decryption profile blocks risky inbound sessions and provides session failure checks.
The SSL Inbound Inspection Decryption profile (
) controls the session mode checks and failure checks for inbound SSL/TLS traffic defined in the Inbound Inspection Decryption policies to which you attach the profile. The following figure shows the general best practice recommendations for Inbound Inspection Decryption profile settings, but the settings you use also depend on your company’s security compliance rules and local laws and regulations.
SSL Inbound Inspection
Unsupported Mode Checks. If you don’t block sessions with unsupported modes, users receive a warning message if they connect with potentially unsafe servers, and they can click through that message and reach the potentially dangerous site. Blocking these sessions protects you from servers that use weak, risky protocol versions and algorithms:
- Block sessions with unsupported versions—When you configure the SSL Protocol Settings Decryption Profile, you specify the minimum version of TLS protocol to allow on your network to reduce the attack surface by blocking weak protocols. Always check this box to block sessions with the weak SSL and TLS protocol versions that you have chosen not to support.
- Block sessions with unsupported cipher suites—Always check this box to block sessions if the firewall doesn’t support the cipher suite specified in the handshake. You configure which algorithms the firewall supports on theSSL Protocol Settingstab of the Decryption profile.
- Block sessions if resources not available—If you block sessions when no firewall processing resources are available, the firewall drops traffic when it doesn’t have the resources to decrypt the traffic. If you don’t block sessions when the firewall can’t process decryption due to a lack of resources, then traffic that you want to decrypt enters the network still encrypted and therefore is not inspected. However, blocking sessions when resources aren’t available may affect the user experience by making sites that users normally can reach temporarily unreachable. Whether to implement this failure check depends on your company’s security compliance stance and the importance of the user experience, weighed against tighter security. Alternatively, consider using firewall models with more processing power so that you can decrypt more traffic.
- Block sessions if HSM not available—If you use a Hardware Security Module (HSM) to store your private keys, whether you use one depends on your compliance rules about where the private key must come from and how you want to handle encrypted traffic if the HSM isn’t available. For example, if your company mandates the use of an HSM for private key signing, then block sessions if the HSM isn’t available. However, if your company is less strict about this, then you can consider not blocking sessions if the HSM isn’t available. (If the HSM is down, the firewall can process decryption for sites for which it has cached the response from the HSM, but not for other sites.) The best practice in this case depends on your company’s policies. If the HSM is critical to your business, run the HSM in a high-availability (HA) pair (PAN-OS 8.1 supports two members in an HSM HA pair).
- Block downgrade on no resource—Prevents the firewall from downgrading TLSv1.3 to TLSv1.2 if the firewall has no available TLSv1.3 processing resources. If you block the downgrade, then when the firewall runs out of TLSv1.3 resources, it drops traffic that uses TLSv1.3 instead of downgrading it to TLSv1.2. If you don’t block downgrade, then when the firewall runs out of TLSv1.3 resources, it downgrades to TLSv1.2. However, blocking downgrade when resources aren’t available may affect the user experience by making sites that users normally can reach temporarily unreachable. Whether to implement this failure check depends on your company’s security compliance stance and the importance of the user experience, weighed against tighter security. You may want to create a separate Decryption policy and profile to govern decryption for sensitive traffic for which you don’t want to downgrade the TLS version.
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