Captive Portal Authentication Methods

Captive Portal uses the following methods to authenticate users whose web requests match Authentication Policy rules:
Authentication Method
Description
Kerberos SSO
The firewall uses Kerberos single sign-on (SSO) to transparently obtain user credentials from the browser. To use this method, your network requires a Kerberos infrastructure, including a key distribution center (KDC) with an authentication server and ticket granting service. The firewall must have a Kerberos account.
If Kerberos SSO authentication fails, the firewall falls back to web form or client certificate authentication, depending on your Authentication policy and Captive Portal configuration.
Web Form
The firewall redirects web requests to a web form for authentication. For this method, you can configure Authentication policy to use Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), SAML, Kerberos, TACACS+, RADIUS, or LDAP authentication. Although users have to manually enter their login credentials, this method works with all browsers and operating systems.
Client Certificate Authentication
The firewall prompts the browser to present a valid client certificate to authenticate the user. To use this method, you must provision client certificates on each user system and install the trusted certificate authority (CA) certificate used to issue those certificates on the firewall.

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