Static Routes for a Logical Router

Create static routes for the logical router to use to route traffic.
  • Network > Routing > Logical Routers > Static
Optionally add one or more static routes. Select
IP
or
IPv6
and
Add
the route using an IPv4 or IPv6 address. It is usually necessary to configure default routes (0.0.0.0/0) here. Default routes are applied for destinations that are not found in the logical router’s routing table.
Static Route Settings
Description
Name
Enter a name to identify the static route (up to 31 characters). The name is case-sensitive and must be unique. Use only letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, and underscores.
Destination
Enter an IP address and network mask in Classless Inter-domain Routing (CIDR) notation: ip_address
/
mask (for example, 192.168.2.0/24 for IPv4 or 2001:db8::/32 for IPv6). Alternatively, you can create an address object of type IP Netmask.
Interface
Select the outgoing interface to forward packets to the destination, or configure the next hop settings, or both. Specify an interface for stricter control over which interface the firewall uses rather than using the interface in the route table for the next hop of this route.
Next Hop
Select one of the following:
  • IP Address
    —Select to enter the IP address of the next hop router, or select or create an address object of type IP Netmask. The address object must have a netmask of /32 for IPv4, or /128 for IPv6. You must
    Enable IPv6 on the interface
    (when you configure Layer 3 interfaces) to use an IPv6 next hop address.
  • Discard
    —Select if you want to drop traffic that is addressed to this destination.
  • None
    —Select if there is no next hop for the route. For example, a point-to-point connect does not require a next hop because there is only one way for packets to go.
Admin Distance
Specify the administrative distance for the static route (range is 10 to 240; default is 10).
Metric
Specify a valid metric for the static route (range is 1 to 65,535; default is 10).
Path Monitoring
Select and enable path monitoring for the static route.
Failure Condition
Select the condition under which the firewall considers the monitored path down and thus the static route down:
  • Any
    —If any one of the monitored destinations for the static route is unreachable by ICMP, the firewall removes the static route from the RIB and FIB and adds the dynamic or static route that has the next lowest metric going to the same destination to the FIB.
  • All
    —If all of the monitored destinations for the static route are unreachable by ICMP, the firewall removes the static route from the RIB and FIB and adds the dynamic or static route that has the next lowest metric going to the same destination to the FIB.
Select
All
to avoid the possibility of a single monitored destination signaling a static route failure when that monitored destination is simply offline for maintenance, for example.
Preemptive Hold Time (min)
Enter the number of minutes a downed path monitor must remain in Up state—the path monitor evaluates all of its member monitored destinations and must remain Up before the firewall reinstalls the static route into the RIB. If the timer expires without the link going down or flapping, the link is deemed stable, path monitor can remain Up, and the firewall can add the static route back into the RIB.
If the link goes down or flaps during the hold time, path monitor fails and the timer restarts when the downed monitor returns to Up state. A
Preemptive Hold Time
of zero causes the firewall to reinstall the static route into the RIB immediately upon the path monitor coming up. Range is 0 to 1,440; default is 2.
Name
Enter a name for the monitored destination (up to 31 characters). The name is case-sensitive and must be unique. Use only letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, and underscores.
Enable
Select to enable path monitoring of this specific destination for the static route; the firewall sends ICMP pings to this destination.
Source IP
Select the IP address that the firewall will use as the source in the ICMP ping to the monitored destination:
  • If the interface has multiple IP addresses, select one.
  • If you select an interface, the firewall uses the first IP address assigned to the interface by default.
  • If you select
    DHCP (Use DHCP Client address)
    , the firewall uses the address that DHCP assigned to the interface. To see the DHCP address, select
    Network
    Interfaces
    Ethernet
    and in the row for the Ethernet interface, click on
    Dynamic DHCP Client
    . The IP Address appears in the Dynamic IP Interface Status window.
Destination IP
Enter a robust, stable IP address or address object for which the firewall will monitor the path. The monitored destination and the static route destination must use the same address family (IPv4 or IPv6)
Ping Interval (sec)
Specify the ICMP ping interval in seconds to determine how frequently the firewall monitors the path (pings the monitored destination; range is 1 to 60; default is 3).
Ping Count
Specify the number of consecutive ICMP ping packets that do not return from the monitored destination before the firewall considers the link down. Based on the
Any
or
All
failure condition, if path monitoring is in failed state, the firewall removes the static route from the RIB (range is 3 to 10; default is 5).
For example, a Ping Interval of 3 seconds and Ping Count of 5 missed pings (the firewall receives no ping in the last 15 seconds) means path monitoring detects a link failure. If path monitoring is in failed state and the firewall receives a ping after 15 seconds, the link is deemed up; based on the
Any
or
All
failure condition, path monitoring to
Any
or
All
monitored destinations can be deemed up, and the Preemptive Hold Time starts.

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