Use XFF IP Address Values in Security Policy and Logging

Use XFF IP Address Values in Security Policy and Logging

Table of Contents

Use XFF IP Address Values in Security Policy and Logging

Configure your firewall to use X-Forwarded For IP address values in Security Policy and logging.
You can configure the firewall to use the source IP address in an X-Forwarded-For (XFF) HTTP header field to enforce security policy. When a packet passes through a single proxy server before reaching the firewall, the XFF field contains the IP address of the originating endpoint. However, if the packet passes through multiple upstream devices, the firewall uses the most recently added IP address to enforce policy or use other features that rely on IP information.

Use XFF Values in Policy

Complete the following procedure to enforce security policy using the client IP address in the XFF header.
In Microsoft Azure, by default, an application gateway inserts the original source IP address and port in the XFF header. To use XFF headers in policy on your firewall, you must configure the application gateway to omit the port from the XFF header. For more information, see Azure documentation.
  1. Log in to your firewall.
  2. Select
    X-Forwarded-For Headers
  3. Click the edit icon.
  4. Select
    Enabled for Security Policy
    from the
    Use X-Forwarded-For Header
    You cannot enable Use X-Forwarded-For Header for security policy and User-ID at the same time.
  5. (
    ) Select
    Strip X-Forwarded-For Header
    to remove the XFF field from outgoing HTTP requests.
    Selecting this option does not disable the use of XFF headers. The firewall strips the XFF field from client requests
    using it to enforce policy and log IP addresses.
  6. Click
  7. Commit
    your changes.

Display XFF Values in Logs

In addition to XFF header usage in security policy, you can view the XFF IP address in various logs, reports, and the Application Command Center (ACC) to aid in monitoring and troubleshooting. You can add the X-Forwarded-For column to Traffic, Threat, Data Filtering, and Wildfire Submissions logs.
For non-URL Filtering logs, XFF IP logging is supported only when packet capture is not enabled.
The X-Forwarded-For IP column does not display a value in the threat logs if the firewall detects a threat before it inspects the XFF header, however, it is present in the traffic logs provided the action for the relevant security profile is configured for
To view the XFF IP address in your logs, complete the following steps.
  1. Log in to your firewall.
  2. Select
  3. Select
    Data Filtering
    , or
    Wildfire Submissions
  4. Click the arrow to the right of any column header and select
  5. Select
    X-Forwarded-For IP
    to display the XFF IP in your log.

Display XFF Values in Reports

Predefined reports generated by the firewall do not contain XFF values. However, the firewall has built-in report templates that include XFF information. To view XFF IP addresses in reports, follow the steps to generate reports with the built-in templates.
  1. Log in to your firewall.
  2. Select
    Manage Custom Reports
  3. Click
    Load Template
  4. Enter XFF into the search bar and click the search button to locate the built-in XFF report templates.
  5. Click
  6. Configure your custom report. Click
    Time Frame
    Sort By
    , and
    Group By
    to display the XFF information in the manner best suited to your needs.
  7. (
    ) Click
    Run Now
    to generate your report on demand instead of, or in addition to, a
    Scheduled Time

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