A VLAN interface can provide routing into a Layer 3 network (IPv4 and IPv6). You can add one or more Layer 2 Ethernet ports (see Layer 2 Interface) to a VLAN interface.
VLAN Interface Setting Configure In Description
Interface Name VLAN Interface The read-only Interface Name is set to vlan . In the adjacent field, enter a numeric suffix (1-9,999) to identify the interface.
Comment Enter an optional description for the interface.
Netflow Profile If you want to export unidirectional IP traffic that traverses an ingress interface to a NetFlow server, select the server profile or click Netflow Profile to define a new profile (see Device > Server Profiles > NetFlow). Select None to remove the current NetFlow server assignment from the interface. The PA-4000 Series and PA-7000 Series firewalls don’t support this feature.
VLAN VLAN Interface > Config Select a VLAN or click VLAN to define a new one (see Network > VLANs). Select None to remove the current VLAN assignment from the interface.
Virtual Router Assign a virtual router to the interface, or click Virtual Router to define a new one (see Network > Virtual Routers). Select None to remove the current virtual router assignment from the interface.
Virtual System If the firewall supports multiple virtual systems and that capability is enabled, select a virtual system (vsys) for the interface or click Virtual System to define a new vsys.
Security Zone Select a security zone for the interface, or click Zone to define a new zone. Select None to remove the current zone assignment from the interface.
Management Profile VLAN Interface > Advanced > Other Info Management Profile —Select a profile that defines the protocols (for example, SSH, Telnet, and HTTP) you can use to manage the firewall over this interface. Select None to remove the current profile assignment from the interface.
MTU Enter the maximum transmission unit (MTU) in bytes for packets sent on this interface (576-9,192; default is 1,500). If machines on either side of the firewall perform Path MTU Discovery (PMTUD) and the interface receives a packet exceeding the MTU, the firewall returns an ICMP fragmentation needed message to the source indicating the packet is too large.
Adjust TCP MSS Select this option to adjust the maximum segment size (MSS) to accommodate bytes for any headers within the interface MTU byte size. The MTU byte size minus the MSS Adjustment Size equals the MSS byte size, which varies by IP protocol: IPv4 MSS Adjustment Size —Range is 40-300; default is 40. IPv6 MSS Adjustment Size —Range is 60-300; default is 60. Use these settings to address the case where a tunnel through the network requires a smaller MSS. If a packet has more bytes than the MSS without fragmentation, this setting enables the adjustment. Encapsulation adds length to headers, so it helps to configure the MSS adjustment size to allow bytes for such things as an MPLS header or tunneled traffic that has a VLAN tag.
IP Address MAC Address Interface VLAN Interface > Advanced > ARP Entries To add one or more static Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) entries, click Add and enter an IP address, enter its associated hardware (MAC) address, and select a Layer 3 interface that can access the hardware address. To delete an entry, select the entry and click Delete. Static ARP entries reduce ARP processing and preclude man-in-the-middle attacks for the specified addresses.
IPv6 Address MAC Address VLAN Interface > Advanced > ND Entries To provide neighbor information for Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP), click Add and enter the IPv6 address and MAC address of the neighbor.
Enable NDP Proxy VLAN Interface > Advanced > NDP Proxy Select this option to enable Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP) Proxy for the interface. The firewall will respond to ND packets requesting MAC addresses for IPv6 addresses in this list. In the ND response, the firewall sends its own MAC address for the interface, and is basically saying, “send me the packets meant for these addresses.” (Recommended) Enable NDP Proxy if you are using Network Prefix Translation IPv6 (NPTv6). If you Enable NDP Proxy, you can filter numerous Address entries. First enter a filter and then apply it (green arrow).
Address Add one or more IPv6 addresses, IP ranges, IPv6 subnets, or address objects for which the firewall will act as NDP Proxy. Ideally, one of these addresses is the same address as that of the source translation in NPTv6. The order of addresses does not matter. If the address is a subnetwork, the firewall will send an ND response for all addresses in the subnet, so we recommend you also add the firewall’s IPv6 neighbors and then click Negate to instruct the firewall not to respond to these IP addresses.
Negate Select Negate for an address to prevent NDP proxy for that address. You can negate a subset of the specified IP address range or IP subnet.
For an IPv4 address
Type VLAN Interface > IPv4 Select the method for assigning an IPv4 address type to the interface: Static —You must manually specify the IP address. DHCP Client —Enables the interface to act as a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client and receive a dynamically assigned IP address. Firewalls that are in active/active high availability (HA) mode don’t support DHCP Client. Based on your IP address method selection, the options displayed in the tab will vary.
IPv4 address Type = Static
IP VLAN Interface > IPv4 Click Add, then perform one of the following steps to specify a static IP address and network mask for the interface. Type the entry in Classless Inter-domain Routing (CIDR) notation using the format ip_address/mask. IPv4 example: 192.168.2.0/24 IPv6 example: 2001:db8::/32 Select an existing address object of type IP netmask. Click Address to create an address object of type IP netmask. You can enter multiple IP addresses for the interface. The forwarding information base (FIB) your system uses determines the maximum number of IP addresses. To delete an IP address, select the address and click Delete.
IPv4 address Type = DHCP
Enable VLAN Interface > IPv4 Select this option to activate the DHCP client on the interface.
Automatically create default route pointing to default gateway provided by server Select this option to automatically create a default route that points to the default gateway that the DHCP server provides.
Default Route Metric For the route between the firewall and DHCP server, optionally enter a route metric (priority level) to associate with the default route and to use for path selection (range is 1-65,535, no default). The priority level increases as the numeric value decreases.
Show DHCP Client Runtime Info Select this option to display all settings received from the DHCP server, including DHCP lease status, dynamic IP address assignment, subnet mask, gateway, and server settings (DNS, NTP, domain, WINS, NIS, POP3, and SMTP).
For an IPv6 address
Enable IPv6 on the interface VLAN Interface > IPv6 Select this option to enable IPv6 addressing on this interface.
Interface ID Enter the 64-bit extended unique identifier (EUI-64) in hexadecimal format (for example, 00:26:08:FF:FE:DE:4E:29). If you leave this field blank, the firewall uses the EUI-64 generated from the MAC address of the physical interface. If you enable the Use interface ID as host portion option when adding an address, the firewall uses the interface ID as the host portion of that address.
Address VLAN Interface > IPv6 (cont) Click Add and configure the following parameters for each IPv6 address: Address —Enter an IPv6 address and prefix length (e.g. 2001:400:f00::1/64). You can also select an existing IPv6 address object or click Address to create an address object. Enable address on interface —Select this option to enable the IPv6 address on the interface. Use interface ID as host portion —Select this option to use the Interface ID as the host portion of the IPv6 address. Anycast —Select this option to include routing through the nearest node. Send RA —Select this option to enable router advertisement (RA) for this IP address. (You must also enable the global Enable Router Advertisement option on the interface.) For details on RA, see Enable Router Advertisement in this table. Remaining fields apply only if you enable RA: Valid Lifetime —The length of time (in seconds) that the firewall considers the address as valid. The valid lifetime must equal or exceed the Preferred Lifetime. The default is 2,592,000. Preferred Lifetime —The length of time (in seconds) that the valid address is preferred, which means the firewall can use it to send and receive traffic. After the preferred lifetime expires, the firewall cannot use the address to establish new connections but any existing connections are valid until the Valid Lifetime expires. The default is 604,800. On-link —Select this option if systems that have addresses within the prefix are reachable without a router. Autonomous —Select this option if systems can independently create an IP address by combining the advertised prefix with an interface ID.
Enable Duplication Address Detection Select this option to enable duplicate address detection ( DAD), then configure the other fields in this section.
DAD Attempts Specify the number of DAD attempts within the neighbor solicitation interval ( NS Interval) before the attempt to identify neighbors fails (range is 1-10; default is 1).
Reachable Time Specify the length of time (in seconds) that a neighbor remains reachable after a successful query and response (range is 1-36,000; default is 30).
NS Interval (neighbor solicitation interval) Specify the number of seconds for DAD attempts before failure is indicated (range is 1-10; default is 1).
Enable Router Advertisement VLAN Interface > IPv6 (cont) To provide stateless address auto-configuration (SLAAC) on IPv6 interfaces, select this option and configure the other fields in this section. Clients that receive the router advertisement (RA) messages use this information. RA enables the firewall to act as a default gateway for IPv6 hosts that are not statically configured and to provide the host with an IPv6 prefix for address configuration. You can use a separate DHCPv6 server in conjunction with this feature to provide DNS and other settings to clients. This option is a global setting for the interface. If you want to set RA options for individual IP addresses, Add an address in the IP address table (for details, see Address in this table). If you set RA options for any IP address, you must select the Enable Router Advertisement option for the interface.
Min Interval (sec) Specify the minimum interval (in seconds) between RAs that the firewall will send (range is 3-1,350; default is 200). The firewall will send RAs at random intervals between the minimum and maximum values you configure.
Max Interval (sec) Specify the maximum interval (in seconds) between RAs that the firewall will send (range is 4-1,800; default is 600). The firewall will send RAs at random intervals between the minimum and maximum values you configure.
Hop Limit Specify the hop limit to apply to clients for outgoing packets (range is 1-255; default is 64). Enter 0 for no hop limit.
Link MTU Specify the link maximum transmission unit (MTU) to apply to clients. Select unspecified for no link MTU (range is 1,280-9,192; default is unspecified).
Reachable Time (ms) Specify the reachable time (in milliseconds) the client will use to assume a neighbor is reachable after receiving a reachability confirmation message. Select unspecified for no reachable time value (range is 0-3,600,000; default is unspecified).
Retrans Time (ms) Specify the retransmission timer that determines how long the client will wait (in milliseconds) before retransmitting neighbor solicitation messages. Select unspecified for no retransmission time (range is 0-4,294,967,295; default is unspecified).
Router Lifetime (sec) Specify how long (in seconds) the client will use the firewall as the default gateway (range is 0-9,000; default is 1,800). Zero specifies that the firewall is not the default gateway. When the lifetime expires, the client removes the firewall entry from its Default Router List and uses another router as the default gateway.
Router Preference If the network segment has multiple IPv6 routers, the client uses this field to select a preferred router. Select whether the RA advertises the firewall router as having a High, Medium (default), or Low priority relative to other routers on the segment.
Managed Configuration Select this option to indicate to the client that addresses are available via DHCPv6.
Other Configuration Select this option to indicate to the client that other address information (for example, DNS-related settings) is available via DHCPv6.
Consistency Check Select this option if you want the firewall to verify that RAs sent from other routers are advertising consistent information on the link. The firewall logs any inconsistencies.

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