Route-Based Redundancy

In a Layer 3 interface deployment and active/active HA configuration, the firewalls are connected to routers, not switches. The firewalls use dynamic routing protocols to determine the best path (asymmetric route) and to load share between the HA pair. In such a scenario, no floating IP addresses are necessary. If a link, monitored path, or firewall fails, or if Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) detects a link failure, the routing protocol (RIP, OSPF, or BGP) handles the rerouting of traffic to the functioning firewall. You configure each firewall interface with a unique IP address. The IP addresses remain local to the firewall where they are configured; they do not move between devices when a firewall fails. See Use Case: Configure Active/Active HA with Route-Based Redundancy.
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