Configure Packet Based Attack Protection

To enhance security for a zone, Packet-Based Attack Protection allows you to specify whether the firewall drops IP, IPv6, TCP, ICMP, or ICMPv6 packets that have certain characteristics or strips certain options from the packets.
For example, you can drop TCP SYN and SYN-ACK packets that contain data in the payload during a TCP three-way handshake. A Zone Protection profile by default is set to drop SYN and SYN-ACK packets with data (you must apply the profile to the zone).
The TCP Fast Open option (RFC 7413) preserves the speed of a connection setup by including data in the payload of SYN and SYN-ACK packets. A Zone Protection profile treats handshakes that use the TCP Fast Open option separately from other SYN and SYN-ACK packets; the profile by default is set to allow the handshake packets if they contain a valid Fast Open cookie.
If you have existing Zone Protection profiles in place when you upgrade to PAN-OS 8.0, the three default settings will apply to each profile and the firewall will act accordingly.
Beginning with PAN-OS 8.1.2 and later releases, you can use a CLI command (Step 4 in this task) to enable the firewall to generate a Threat log when the firewall receives and drops the following types of packets, so that you can more easily analyze these occurrences and also fulfill audit and compliance requirements:
  • Teardrop attack
  • DoS attack using ping of death
Furthermore, the same CLI command also enables the firewall to generate Threat logs for the following types of packets if you enable the corresponding Packet Based Attack Protection:
  • Fragmented IP packets
  • IP address spoofing
  • ICMP packets larger than 1024 bytes
  • Packets containing ICMP fragments
  • ICMP packets embedded with an error message
  • First packets for a TCP session that are not SYN packets
  1. Create a Zone Protection profile and configure Packet-Based Attack Protection settings.
    1. Select
      Network
      Network Profiles
      Zone Protection
      and
      Add
      a new profile.
    2. Enter a
      Name
      for the profile and an optional
      Description
      .
    3. Select
      Packet Based Attack Protection
      .
    4. On each tab (
      IP Drop
      ,
      TCP Drop
      ,
      ICMP Drop
      ,
      IPv6 Drop
      , and
      ICMPv6 Drop
      ), select the Packet-Based Attack Protection settings you want to enforce to protect a zone.
    5. Click
      OK
      .
  2. Apply the Zone Protection profile to a security zone that is assigned to interfaces you want to protect.
    1. Select
      Network
      Zones
      and select the zone where you want to assign the Zone Protection profile.
    2. Add
      the
      Interfaces
      belonging to the zone.
    3. For
      Zone Protection Profile
      , select the profile you just created.
    4. Click
      OK
      .
  3. Commit
    your changes.
  4. (
    PAN-OS 8.1.2 and later releases
    ) Enable the firewall to generate Threat logs for a teardrop attack and a DoS attack using ping of death, and also generate Threat logs for the types of packets listed above if you enable the corresponding packet-based attack protection (in Step 1). For example, if you enable packet-based attack protection for
    Spoofed IP address
    , using the following CLI causes the firewall to generate a Threat log when the firewall receives and drops a packet with a spoofed IP address.
    1. Use the operational CLI command
      set systemsetting additional-threat-log on
      . Default is
      off
      .
      To display the Threat name in the Threat log, you must use content update version 8027 or later; otherwise, the Threat ID number displays in the log.

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