Objects > Log Forwarding

By default, the logs that the firewall generates reside only in its local storage. However, you can use Panorama™, the Logging Service, or external services (such as a syslog server) to centrally monitor log information by defining a Log Forwarding profile and assigning that profile to Security, Authentication, DoS Protection, and Tunnel Inspection policy rules. Log Forwarding profiles define forwarding destinations for the following Log Types: Authentication, Data Filtering, GTP, SCTP, Threat, Traffic, Tunnel, URL Filtering, and WildFire® Submissions logs.
You should forward logs to Panorama or to external storage for many reasons, including: compliance, redundancy, running analytics, centralized monitoring, and reviewing threat behaviors and long-term patterns. In addition, the firewall has limited log storage capacity and deletes the oldest logs as when the storage space fills up. Be sure to forward Threat logs and WildFire logs.
To forward other log types, see Device > Log Settings.
To enable a PA-7000 Series firewall to forward logs or forward files to WildFire®, you must first configure a Log Card Interface on the PA-7000 Series firewall. As soon as you configure this interface, the firewall will automatically use this port—there is no special configuration required. Just configure a data port on one of the PA-7000 Series Network Processing Cards (NPCs) as a Log Card interface type and ensure that the network that you use can communicate with your log servers. For WildFire forwarding, the network must communicate successfully with the WildFire cloud or WildFire appliance (or both).
The following table describes the Log Forwarding profile settings.
Log Forwarding Profile Settings
Description
Name
Enter a name (up to 64 characters) to identify the profile. This name appears in the list of Log Forwarding profiles when defining Security policy rules. The name is case-sensitive, must be unique, and can contain only letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, and underscores.
Shared
Select this option if you want the profile to be available to:
  • Every virtual system (vsys) on a multi-vsys firewall
    —If you disable (clear) this option, the profile is available only to the
    Virtual System
    selected in the
    Objects
    tab.
  • Every device group on Panorama
    —If you disable (clear) this option, the profile is available only to the
    Device Group
    selected in the
    Objects
    tab.
Disable override
(
Panorama only
)
Select this option to prevent administrators from overriding the settings of this Log Forwarding profile in device groups that inherit the profile. This selection is disabled (cleared) by default, which means administrators can override the settings for any device group that inherits the profile.
Description
Enter a description to explain the purpose of this Log Forwarding profile.
Match List (unlabeled)
Add
one or more match list profiles (up to 64) that specify forwarding destinations, log attribute-based filters to control which logs the firewall forwards, and actions to perform on the logs (such as automatic tagging). Complete the following two fields (Name and Description) for each match list profile.
Name (match list profile)
Enter a name (up to 31 characters) to identify the match list profile.
Description (match list profile)
Enter a description (up to 1,023 characters) to explain the purpose of this match list profile.
Log Type
Select the type of logs to which this match list profile applies: authentication (
auth
),
data
,
gtp
,
sctp
,
threat
,
traffic
,
tunnel
,
URL
, or
WildFire
.
Filter
By default, the firewall forwards
All Logs
of the selected
Log Type
. To forward a subset of the logs, select an existing filter from the drop-down or select
Filter Builder
to add a new filter. For each query in a new filter, specify the following fields and
Add
the query:
  • Connector
    —Select the connector logic (and/or) for the query. Select
    Negate
    if you want to apply negation to the logic. For example, to avoid forwarding logs from an untrusted zone, select
    Negate
    , select
    Zone
    as the Attribute, select
    equal
    as the Operator, and enter the name of the untrusted Zone in the Value column.
  • Attribute
    —Select a log attribute. The available attributes depend on the
    Log Type
    .
  • Operator
    —Select the criterion to determine whether the attribute applies (such as
    equal
    ). The available criteria depend on the
    Log Type
    .
  • Value
    —Specify the attribute value to match.
To display or export the logs that the filter matches,
View Filtered Logs
, which provides the same options as the
Monitoring
tab pages (such as
Monitoring
Logs
Traffic
).
Panorama
Select
Panorama
if you want to forward logs to Log Collectors or the Panorama management server or to forward logs to the Logging Service.
If you enable this option, you must configure log forwarding to Panorama.
To use the Logging Service, you must also
Enable
the Logging Service in Device > Setup > Management.
SNMP
Add
one or more SNMP Trap server profiles to forward logs as SNMP traps (see Device > Server Profiles > SNMP Trap).
Email
Add
one or more Email server profiles to forward logs as email notifications (see Device > Server Profiles > Email).
Syslog
Add
one or more Syslog server profiles to forward logs as syslog messages (see Device > Server Profiles > Syslog).
HTTP
Add
one or more HTTP server profiles to forward logs as HTTP requests (see Device > Server Profiles > HTTP).
Built-in Actions
Add
the action to perform. You can select from two types—Tagging and Integration.
  • Tagging
    —Add or remove a tag to the source or destination IP address in a log entry automatically and register the IP address and tag mapping to a User-ID agent on the firewall or Panorama, or to a remote User-ID agent so that you can respond to an event and dynamically enforce Security policy. The ability to tag an IP address and dynamically enforce policy using dynamic address groups gives you better visibility, context, and control for consistently enforcing Security policy irrespective of where the IP address moves across your network.
    Configure the following settings:
    • Add
      an action and enter a name to describe it.
    • Select the target IP address you want to tag—
      Source Address
      or
      Destination Address
      .
    You can take an action for all log types that include a source or destination IP address in the log entry. You can tag the source IP address only, in Correlation logs and HIP Match logs; you cannot configure an action for System logs and Configuration logs because the log type does not include an IP address in the log entry.
    • Select the action—
      Add Tag
      or
      Remove Tag
      .
    • Select whether to register the IP address and tag mapping to the
      Local User-ID
      agent on this firewall or Panorama, or to a
      Remote User-ID
      agent.
    • To register the IP address and tag mapping to a
      Remote User-ID
      agent, select the HTTP server profile (Device > Server Profiles > HTTP) that will enable forwarding.
    • Enter or select the
      Tags
      you want to apply or remove from the target source or destination IP address.
  • Integration
    —Only available on the VM-Series firewall on Azure. This option allows you to forward the selected logs to the Azure Security Center using the
    Azure-Security-Center-Integration
    action.

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