Deploy Certificates Using SCEP
If you have a Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) server in your enterprise PKI, you can configure a SCEP profile to automate the generation and distribution of unique client certificates. SCEP operation is dynamic in that the enterprise PKI generates a user-specific certificate when the SCEP client requests it and sends the certificate to the SCEP client. The SCEP client then transparently deploys the certificate to the client device.
You can use a SCEP profile with GlobalProtect to assign user-specific client certificates to each GlobalProtect user. In this use case, the GlobalProtect portal acts as a SCEP client to the SCEP server in your enterprise PKI. Additionally, you can use a SCEP profile to assign client certificates to Palo Alto Networks devices for mutual authentication with other Palo Alto Networks devices for management access and inter-device communication.
- Create a SCEP profile.
- Select DeviceCertificate ManagementSCEP and then Add a new profile.
- Enter a Name to identify the SCEP profile.
- If this profile is for a firewall with multiple virtual systems capability, select a virtual system or Shared as the Location where the profile is available.
- (Optional) To make the SCEP-based certificate
generation more secure, configure a SCEP challenge-response mechanism
between the PKI and portal for each certificate request.After you configure this mechanism, its operation is invisible, and no further input from you is necessary.To comply with the U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS), use a Dynamic SCEP challenge and specify a Server URL that uses HTTPS.Select one of the following options:
- None—(Default) The SCEP server does not challenge the portal before it issues a certificate.
- Fixed—Obtain the enrollment challenge password from the SCEP server in the PKI infrastructure and then enter the password into the Password field.
- Dynamic—Enter a username and password of your choice (possibly the credentials of the PKI administrator) and the SCEP Server URL where the portal-client submits these credentials. The uses the credentials to authenticate with the SCEP server which transparently generates an OTP password for the portal upon each certificate request. (You can see this OTP change after a screen refresh in The enrollment challenge password is field after each certificate request.) The PKI transparently passes each new password to the portal, which then uses the password for its certificate request.
- Specify the settings for the connection between the SCEP
server and the portal to enable the portal to request and receive
client certificates.You can include additional information about the client device or user by specifying tokens in the Subject name of the certificate.The portal includes the token value and host ID in the CSR request to the SCEP server.
- Configure the Server URL that the portal uses to reach the SCEP server in the PKI (for example, http://10.200.101.1/certsrv/mscep/).
- Enter a string (up to 255 characters in length) in the CA-IDENT Name field to identify the SCEP server.
- Enter the Subject name to use
in the certificates generated by the SCEP server. The subject must be
a distinguished name in the <attribute>=<value> format
and must include a common name (CN) attribute (CN=<variable>).
The CN supports the following dynamic tokens:
When the GlobalProtect portal pushes the SCEP settings to the agent, the CN portion of the subject name is replaced with the actual value (username, host ID, or email address) of the certificate owner (for example, O=acme,CN=johndoe).
- $USERNAME—Use this token to enable the portal to request certificates for a specific user. To use this variable with GlobalProtect, you must also Enable Group Mapping. The username entered by the user must match the name in the user-group mapping table.
- $EMAILADDRESS—Use this token to request certificates associated with a specific email address. To use this variable, you must also Enable Group Mapping and configure the Mail Attributes in the Mail Domains section of the Server Profile. If GlobalProtect cannot identify an email address for the user, it generates a unique ID and populates the CN with that value.
- $HOSTID—To request certificates for the device only, specify the host ID token. When a user attempts to log in to the portal, the endpoint sends identifying information that includes its host ID value. The host ID value varies by device type, either GUID (Windows) MAC address of the interface (Mac), Android ID (Android devices), UDID (iOS devices), or a unique name that GlobalProtect assigns (Chrome).
- $UDID—Use the UDID common name attribute to request certificates based on the client’s device UDID for GlobalProtect or device serial number for mutual authentication between Palo Alto Networks devices.
- Select the Subject Alternative Name Type:
- RFC 822 Name—Enter the email name in a certificate’s subject or Subject Alternative Name extension.
- DNS Name—Enter the DNS name used to evaluate certificates.
- Uniform Resource Identifier—Enter the name of the resource from which the client will obtain the certificate.
- None—Do not specify attributes for the certificate.
- (Optional) Configure cryptographic settings for
- Select the key length (Number of Bits) for the certificate.If the firewall is in FIPS-CC mode and the key generation algorithm is RSA. The RSA keys must be 2,048 bits or larger.
- Select the Digest for CSR which indicates the digest algorithm for the certificate signing request (CSR): sha1, sha256, or sha384.
- (Optional) Configure the permitted uses of the
certificate, either for signing or encryption.
- To use this certificate for signing, select the Use as digital signature check box. This enables the endpoint use the private key in the certificate to validate a digital signature.
- To use this certificate for encryption, select the Use for key encipherment check box. This enables the client use the private key in the certificate to encrypt data exchanged over the HTTPS connection established with the certificates issued by the SCEP server.
- (Optional) To ensure that the portal is connecting
to the correct SCEP server, enter the CA Certificate
Fingerprint. Obtain this fingerprint from the SCEP server
interface in the Thumbprint field.
- Enter the URL for the SCEP server’s administrative UI (for example, http://<hostname or IP>/CertSrv/mscep_admin/).
- Copy the thumbprint and enter it in the CA Certificate Fingerprint field.
mutual SSL authentication between the SCEP server and the firewall.
This is required to comply with the U.S. Federal Information Processing
Standard (FIPS).FIPS-CC operation is indicated on the firewall login page and in its status bar.Select the SCEP server’s root CA Certificate. Optionally, you can enable mutual SSL authentication between the SCEP server and the firewall by selecting a Client Certificate.
- Save and commit the configuration.
The portal attempts to request a CA certificate using the settings in the SCEP profile and saves it to the firewall hosting the portal. If successful, the CA certificate is shown in DeviceCertificate ManagementCertificates.
- Click OK to save the settings and close the SCEP configuration.
- Commit the configuration.
- (Optional) If after saving the SCEP profile, the
portal fails to obtain the certificate, you can manually generate
a certificate signing request (CSR) from the portal.
- Select DeviceCertificate ManagementCertificatesDevice Certificates and then click Generate.
- Enter a Certificate Name. This name cannot contain spaces.
- Select the SCEP Profile to use to submit a CSR to your enterprise PKI.
- Click OK to submit the request and generate the certificate.
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