A shared gateway is an interface that multiple virtual
systems share in order to communicate over the Internet. Each virtual
system requires an External
Zone, which acts as an intermediary, for configuring security
policies that allow or deny traffic from the virtual system’s internal
zone to the shared gateway.
The shared gateway uses a single virtual router to route traffic
for all virtual systems. A shared gateway is used in cases when
an interface does not need a full administrative boundary around
it, or when multiple virtual systems must share a single Internet
connection. This second case arises if an ISP provides an organization
with only one IP address (interface), but multiple virtual systems
need external communication.
Unlike the behavior between virtual systems, security policy
and App-ID evaluations are not performed between a virtual system
and a shared gateway. That is why using a shared gateway to access the
Internet involves less overhead than creating another virtual system
to do so.
In the following figure, three customers share a firewall, but
there is only one interface accessible to the Internet. Creating
another virtual system would add the overhead of App-ID and security
policy evaluation for traffic being sent to the interface through
the added virtual system. To avoid adding another virtual system,
the solution is to configure a shared gateway, as shown in the following
The shared gateway has one globally-routable IP address used
to communicate with the outside world. Interfaces in the virtual
systems have IP addresses too, but they can be private, non-routable
You will recall that an administrator must specify whether a
virtual system is visible to other virtual systems. Unlike a virtual
system, a shared gateway is always visible to all of the virtual
systems on the firewall.
A shared gateway ID number appears as
the web interface. It is recommended that you name your shared gateway
with a name that includes its ID number.
When you add objects such as zones or interfaces to a shared
gateway, the shared gateway appears as an available virtual system
in the vsys menu.
A shared gateway is a limited version of a virtual system; it
supports NAT and policy-based forwarding (PBF), but does not support
Security, DoS policies, QoS, Decryption, Application Override, or Authentication