Device > Administrators
Administrator accounts control access to firewalls and Panorama. A firewall administrator can have full or read-only access to a single firewall or to a virtual system on a single firewall. Firewalls have a predefined admin account that has full access.
The following authentication options are supported:
- Password authentication—The administrator enters a username and password to log in. This authentication requires no certificates. You can use it in conjunction with authentication profiles, or for local database authentication.
- Client certificate authentication (web)—This authentication requires no username or password; the certificate suffices to authenticate access to the firewall.
- Public key authentication (SSH)—The administrator generates a public/private key pair on the machine that requires access to the firewall, and then uploads the public key to the firewall to allow secure access without requiring the administrator to enter a username and password.
To add an administrator, click Add and fill in the following information:
Administrator Account Settings
Enter a login name for the administrator (up to 31 characters). The name is case sensitive and must be unique. Use only letters, numbers, hyphens, periods, and underscores. Login names cannot start with a hyphen (-).
Select an authentication profile for administrator authentication. You can use this setting for RADIUS, TACACS+, LDAP, Kerberos, SAML, or local database authentication. For details, see Device > Authentication Profile.
Use only client certificate authentication (web)
Select this option to use client certificate authentication for web access. If you select this option, a username and password are not required; the certificate is sufficient to authenticate access to the firewall.
Confirm New Password
Enter and confirm a case-sensitive password for the administrator (up to 31 characters). You can also select SetupManagement to enforce a minimum password length.
To ensure that the firewall management interface remains secure, we recommend that you periodically change administrative passwords using a mixture of lower-case letters, upper-case letters, and numbers. You can also configure Minimum Password Complexity settings for all administrators on the firewall.
Use Public Key Authentication (SSH)
Select this option to use SSH public key authentication. Click Import Key and browse to select the public key file. The uploaded key appears in the read-only text area.
Supported key file formats are IETF SECSH and OpenSSH. Supported key algorithms are DSA (1,024 bits) and RSA (768 to 4,096 bits).
If the public key authentication fails, the firewall prompts the administrator for a username and password.
Assign a role to this administrator. The role determines what the administrator can view and modify.
If you select Role Based, select a custom role profile from the drop-down. For details, see Device > Admin Roles.
If you select Dynamic, you can select one of the following predefined roles:
(Virtual system administrator role only)
Click Add to select the virtual systems that the administrator can manage.
Select the password profile, if applicable. To create a new password profile, see Device > Password Profiles.
Create a password profile for administrators to ensure that admin passwords expire after a configured time period. Changing admin passwords regularly helps prevent attackers from using saved or stolen credentials.
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