Device > Setup > Management

  • Device
    Setup
    Management
  • Panorama
    Setup
    Management
On a firewall, select
Device
Setup
Management
to configure management settings.
On Panorama™, select
Device
Setup
Management
to configure firewalls that you manage with Panorama templates. Select
Panorama
Setup
Management
to configure management settings for Panorama.
The following management settings apply to both the firewall and Panorama except where noted.
Item
Description
General Settings
Hostname
Enter a host name (up to 31 characters). The name is case-sensitive, must be unique, and can contain only letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, and underscores.
If you don’t enter a value, PAN-OS® uses the firewall model (for example, PA-5220_2) as the default.
Optionally, you can configure the firewall to use a hostname that a DHCP server provides. See Accept DHCP server-provided Hostname (Firewall only).
Configure a unique host name to easily identify the device you are managing.
Domain
Enter the network domain name for the firewall (up to 31 characters).
Optionally, you can configure the firewalls and Panorama to use a domain that a DHCP server provides. See Accept DHCP server-provided Domain (Firewall only).
Accept DHCP server-provided Hostname (
Firewall only
)
(
Applies only when the Management Interface IP Type is DHCP Client.
) Select this option to have the management interface accept the hostname it receives from the DHCP server. The hostname from the server (if valid) overwrites any value specified in the Hostname field.
Accept DHCP server-provided Domain (
Firewall only
)
(
Applies only when the Management Interface IP Type is DHCP Client.
) Select this option to have the management interface accept the domain (DNS suffix) it receives from the DHCP server. The domain from the server overwrites any value specified in the
Domain
field.
Login Banner
Enter text (up to 3,200 characters) to display on the web interface login page below the
Name
and
Password
fields.
Force Admins to Acknowledge Login Banner
Select this option to display and force administrators to select
I Accept and Acknowledge the Statement Below
above the login banner on the login page, which forces administrators to acknowledge that they understand and accept the contents of the message before they can
Login
.
SSL/TLS Service Profile
Assign an existing SSL/TLS Service profile or create a new one to specify a certificate and the SSL/TLS protocol settings allowed on the management interface (see Device > Certificate Management > SSL/TLS Service Profile). The firewall or Panorama uses this certificate to authenticate to administrators who access the web interface through the management (MGT) interface or through any other interface that supports HTTP/HTTPS management traffic (see Network > Network Profiles > Interface Mgmt). If you select
none
(default), the firewall or Panorama uses a predefined certificate.
The predefined certificate is provided for convenience. For better security, assign an SSL/TLS Service profile. To ensure trust, the certificate must be signed by a certificate authority (CA) certificate that is in the trusted root certificate store of the client systems.
Time Zone
Select the time zone of the firewall.
Locale
Select a language for PDF reports from the drop-down. See Monitor > PDF Reports > Manage PDF Summary.
Even if you have a specific language preference set for the web interface, PDF reports will use the language specified for
Locale
.
Date
Set the date on the firewall; enter the current date (in YYYY/MM/DD format) or select the date from the drop-down.
You can also define an NTP server (
Device
Setup
Services
).
Time
Set the time on the firewall; enter the current time) in 24-hour format) or select the time from the drop-down.
You can also define an NTP server (
Device
Setup
Services
).
Serial Number
(
Panorama virtual appliances only
)
Enter the serial number for Panorama. You can find the serial number in the order fulfillment email you received from Palo Alto Networks®.
Latitude
Enter the latitude (-90.0 to 90.0) of the firewall.
Longitude
Enter the longitude (-180.0 to 180.0) of the firewall.
Automatically acquire commit lock
Select this option to automatically apply a commit lock when you change the candidate configuration. For more information, see Lock Configurations.
Enable
Automatically Acquire Commit Lock
so that other administrators can’t make configuration changes until the first administrator commits her/his changes.
Certificate Expiration Check
Instruct the firewall to create warning messages when on-box certificates approach their expiration date.
Enable
Certificate Expiration Check
to generate a warning message when on-box certificates approach their expiration date.
Multiple Virtual System Capability
Enables the use of multiple virtual systems on firewalls that support this feature (see Device > Virtual Systems).
To enable multiple virtual systems on a firewall, firewall policies must reference no more than 640 distinct user groups. If necessary, reduce the number of referenced user groups. Then, after you enable and add multiple virtual systems, the policies can then reference another 640 user groups for each additional virtual system.
URL Filtering Database
(
Panorama only
)
Select a URL Filtering vendor for use with Panorama:
brightcloud
or
paloaltonetworks
(PAN-DB).
Use Hypervisor Assigned MAC Addresses
(
VM-Series firewalls only
)
Select this option to have the VM-Series firewall use the MAC address that the hypervisor assigned, instead of generating a MAC address using the PAN-OS custom schema.
If you enable this option and use an IPv6 address for the interface, the interface ID cannot use the EUI-64 format, which derives the IPv6 address from the interface MAC address. In a high availability (HA) active/passive configuration, a commit error occurs if you use the EUI-64 format.
GTP Security
Select this option to enable the ability to inspect the control plane and user dataplane messages in the GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) traffic. See Objects > Security Profiles > GTP Protection to configure a GTP protection profile so that you can enforce policy on GTP traffic.
SCTP Security
Select this option to enable the ability to inspect and filter Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) packets and chunks, and to apply SCTP initiation (INIT) flood protection. See Objects > Security Profiles > SCTP Protection. For SCTP INIT flood protection, see Configure SCTP INIT Flood Protection.
Authentication Settings
Authentication Profile
Select the authentication profile (or sequence) the firewall uses to authenticate administrative accounts that you define on an external server instead of locally on the firewall (see Device > Authentication Profile). When external administrators log in, the firewall requests authentication and authorization information (such as the administrative role) from the external server.
Enabling authentication for external administrators requires additional steps based on the server type that the authentication profile specifies, which must be one of the following:
Administrators can use SAML to authenticate to the web interface but not to the CLI.
Select
None
to disable authentication for external administrators.
For administrative accounts that you define locally (on the firewall), the firewall authenticates using the authentication profile assigned to those accounts (see Device > Administrators).
Certificate Profile
Select a certificate profile to verify the client certificates of administrators who are configured for certificate-based access to the firewall web interface. For instructions on configuring certificate profiles, see Device > Certificate Management > Certificate Profile.
Configure a certificate profile to ensure that the administrator’s host machine has the right certificates to authenticate with the Root CA certificate defined in the certificate profile.
Idle Timeout
Enter the maximum time (in minutes) without any activity on the web interface or CLI before an administrator is automatically logged out (range is 0 to 1,440; default is 60). A value of 0 means that inactivity does not trigger an automatic logout.
Both manual and automatic refreshing of web interface pages (such as the
Dashboard
and System Alarms dialog) reset the
Idle Timeout
counter. To enable the firewall to enforce the timeout when you are on a page that supports automatic refreshing, set the refresh interval to
Manual
or to a value higher than the
Idle Timeout
. You can also disable
Auto Refresh
in the
ACC
tab.
Set the
Idle Timeout
to 10 minutes to prevent unauthorized users from accessing the firewall if an administrator leaves a firewall session open.
API Key Lifetime
Enter the length of time (in minutes) for which the API key is valid (range is 0 to 525,600; default is 0). A value of 0 means that the API key never expires.
Expire All API Keys
to invalidate all previously generated API keys. Use this option with caution because all existing keys are rendered useless and any operation where you are currently using those API keys will stop functioning.
Perform this operation during a maintenance window so that you can replace the keys without disrupting current implementations where you referenced the API keys.
API Keys Last Expired
Displays the timestamp of when the API key last expired. This field has no value if you have never reset your keys.
Failed Attempts
Enter the number of failed login attempts (0 to 10) that the firewall allows for the web interface and CLI before locking out the administrator account. A value of 0 specifies unlimited login attempts. The default value is 0 for firewalls in normal operational mode and 10 for firewalls in FIPS-CC mode. Limiting login attempts can help protect the firewall from brute force attacks.
If you set the
Failed Attempts
to a value other than 0 but leave the
Lockout Time
at 0, the
Failed Attempts
is ignored and the user is never locked out.
Set the number of
Failed Attempts
to 5 or fewer to accommodate a reasonable number of retries in case of typing errors, while preventing malicious systems from trying brute force methods to log in to the firewall.
Lockout Time
Enter the number of minutes (range is 0 to 60) for which the firewall locks out an administrator from access to the web interface and CLI after reaching the
Failed Attempts
limit. A value of 0 (default) means the lockout applies until another administrator manually unlocks the account.
If you set the
Failed Attempts
to a value other than 0 but leave the
Lockout Time
at 0, the user is locked out after the set number of failed login attempts until another administrator manually unlocks the account.
Set the
Lockout Time
to at least 30 minutes to prevent continuous login attempts from a malicious actor.
Policy Rulebase Settings
Require Tag on Policies
Requires at least one tag when creating a new policy rule. If a policy rule already exists when you enable this option, you must add at least one tag the next time you edit the rule.
Require Description on Policies
Requires that you add a
Description
when you create a new policy rule. If a policy rule already exists when you enable this option, you must add a
Description
the next time you edit the rule.
Fail Commit if Policies Have No Tags or Descriptions
Forces your commit to fail if you do not add any tags or a description to the policy rule. If a policy rule already exists when you enable this option, the commit will fail if no tag or description are added the next time you edit the rule.
To fail the commit, you must
Require tag on policies
or
Require description on policies
.
Require Audit Comment on Policies
Requires
Audit Comment
when creating a new policy rule. If a policy rule already exists when you enable this option, you must add
Audit Comment
the next time you edit the rule.
Audit Comment Regular Expression
Specify requirements for the comment format parameters in audit comments.
Policy Rule Hit Count
Tracks how often traffic matches the policy rules you configured on the firewall. When enabled, you can view the total Hit Count for total traffic matches against each rule along with the date and time when the rule was Created, Modified, was First Hit and Last Hit.
Policy Application Usage
Panorama Settings: Device > Setup > Management
Configure the following settings on the firewall or in a template on Panorama. These settings establish a connection from the firewall to Panorama.
You must also configure connection and object sharing settings on Panorama (Panorama Settings: Panorama > Setup > Management).
The firewall uses an SSL connection with AES256 encryption to register with Panorama. By default, Panorama and the firewall authenticate each other using predefined 2,048-bit certificates and they use the SSL connection for configuration management and log collection. To further secure the SSL connections between Panorama, firewalls, and log collectors, see Secure Client Communication to configure custom certificates between the firewall and Panorama or a log collector.
Panorama Servers
Enter the IP address or FQDN of the Panorama server. If Panorama is in a high availability (HA) configuration, in the second
Panorama Servers
field, enter the IP address or FQDN of the secondary Panorama server.
Receive Timeout for Connection to Panorama
Enter the timeout (in seconds) for receiving TCP messages from Panorama (range is 1 to 240; default is 240).
Send Timeout for Connection to Panorama
Enter the timeout (in seconds) for sending TCP messages to Panorama (range is 1 to 240; default is 240).
Retry Count for SSL Send to Panorama
Enter the number of retry attempts allowed when sending Secure Socket Layer (SSL) messages to Panorama (range is 1 to 64; default is 25).
Secure Client Communication
Enable
Secure Client Communication
to ensure that the firewall uses configured custom certificates (instead of the default certificate) to authenticate SSL connections with Panorama or log collectors.
  • None
    (default)—No device certificate is configured and the default predefined certificate is used.
  • Local
    —The firewall uses a local device certificate and the corresponding private key generated on the firewall or imported from an existing enterprise PKI server.
    • Certificate
      —Select the local device certificate you generated or imported. This certificate can be unique to the firewall (based on a hash of the serial number of that firewall) or it can be a common device certificate used by all firewalls that connect to Panorama.
    • Certificate Profile
      —Select the Certificate Profile from the drop-down. The Certificate Profile defines the CA certificate for verifying client certificates and how to verify certificate revocation status.
  • SCEP
    —The firewall uses a device certificate and private key generated by a Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) server.
    • SCEP Profile
      —Select a SCEPProfile from the drop-down. The SCEP Profile provides Panorama with the necessary information to authenticate client devices against a SCEP server in your enterprise PKI.
    • Certificate Profile
      —Select the CertificateProfile from the drop-down. The Certificate Profile defines the CA certificate for verifying client certificates and how to verify certificate revocation status.
  • Customize Communication
    —The firewall uses its configured custom certificate to authenticate with the selected devices.
    • Panorama Communication
      —The firewall uses the configured client certificate for communication with Panorama.
    • PAN-DB Communication
      —The firewall uses the configured client certificate for communication with a PAN-DB appliance.
    • WildFire Communication
      —The firewall uses the configured client certificate for communication with a WildFire
      ®
      appliance.
    • Log Collector Communication
      —The firewall uses the configured client certificate for communication with a Log Collector.
    • Check Server Identity
      —(
      Panorama and Log Collector Communication only
      ) The firewall confirms the identify of the server by matching the common name (CN) with the IP address or FQDN of the server.
Disable/Enable Panorama Policy and Objects
This option displays only when you edit the
Panorama Settings
on a firewall (not in a template on Panorama).
Disable Panorama Policy and Objects
to disable the propagation of device group policies and objects to the firewall. By default, this action also removes those policies and objects from the firewall. To keep a local copy of the device group policies and objects on the firewall, in the dialog that opens when you click this option, select
Import Panorama Policy and Objects before disabling
. After you perform a commit, these policies and objects become part of the firewall configuration and Panorama no longer manages them.
Under normal operating conditions, disabling Panorama management is unnecessary and could complicate the maintenance and configuration of firewalls. This option generally applies to situations where firewalls require rules and object values that differ from those defined in the device group. An example is when you move a firewall out of production and into a laboratory environment for testing.
To revert firewall policy and object management to Panorama, click
Enable Panorama Policy and Objects
.
Disable/Enable Device and Network Template
This option displays only when you edit the
Panorama Settings
on a firewall (not in a template on Panorama).
Disable Device and Network Template
to disable the propagation of template information (device and network configurations) to the firewall. By default, this action also removes the template information from the firewall. To keep a local copy of the template information on the firewall, in the dialog that opens when you select this option, select
Import Device and Network Templates before disabling
. After you perform a commit, the template information becomes part of the firewall configuration and Panorama no longer manages that information.
Under normal operating conditions, disabling Panorama management is unnecessary and could complicate the maintenance and configuration of firewalls. This option generally applies to situations where firewalls require device and network configuration values that differ from those defined in the template. An example is when you move a firewall out of production and into a laboratory environment for testing.
To configure the firewall to accept templates again, click
Enable Device and Network Templates
.
Panorama Settings: Panorama > Setup > Management
If you use Panorama to manage firewalls, configure the following settings on Panorama. These settings determine timeouts and SSL message attempts for the connections from Panorama to managed firewalls, as well as object sharing parameters.
You must also configure Panorama connection settings on the firewall or in a template on Panorama: see Panorama Settings: Device > Setup > Management.
The firewall uses an SSL connection with AES256 encryption to register with Panorama. By default, Panorama and the firewall authenticate each other using predefined 2,048-bit certificates and they use the SSL connection for configuration management and log collection. To further secure these SSL connections, see Customize Secure Server Communication to configure custom certificates between Panorama and its clients.
Receive Timeout for Connection to Device
Enter the timeout (in seconds) for receiving TCP messages from all managed firewalls (range is 1 to 240; default is 240).
Send Timeout for Connection to Device
Enter the timeout (in seconds) for sending TCP messages to all managed firewalls (range is 1 to 240; default is 240).
Retry Count for SSL Send to Device
Enter the number of allowed retry attempts when sending Secure Socket Layer (SSL) messages to managed firewalls (range is 1 to 64; default is 25).
Share Unused Address and Service Objects with Devices
Select this option (enabled by default) to share all Panorama shared objects and device-group-specific objects with managed firewalls.
If you disable this option, the appliance checks Panorama policies for references to address, address group, service, and service group objects, and does not share any unreferenced objects. This option reduces the total object count by ensuring that the appliance sends only necessary objects to managed firewalls.
Objects defined in ancestors will take higher precedence
Select this option (disabled by default) to specify that the object values in ancestor groups take precedence over those in descendant groups when device groups at different levels in the hierarchy have objects of the same type and name but with different values. This means that when you perform a device group commit, the ancestor values replace any override values. Likewise, this option causes the value of a shared object to override the values of objects of the same type and name in device groups.
Selecting this option displays the Find Overridden Objects link.
Find Overridden Objects
Select this option (bottom of the Panorama Settings dialog) to list any
shadowed
objects. A shadowed object is an object in the Shared location that has the same name but a different value in a device group. The link displays only if you specify that Objects defined in ancestors will take higher precedence.
Enable reporting and filtering on groups
Select this option (disabled by default) to enable Panorama to locally store usernames, user group names, and username-to-group mapping information that it receives from firewalls. This option is global to all device groups in Panorama. However, you must also enable local storage at the level of each device group by specifying a Master Device and configuring the firewall to Store users and groups from Master Device.
Secure Communication Settings: Panorama > Setup > Management
Customize Secure Server Communication
  • Custom Certificate Only
    —When enabled, Panorama accepts only custom certificates for authentication with managed firewalls and Log Collectors.
  • SSL/TLS Service Profile
    —Select an SSL/TLS service profile from the drop-down. This profile defines the certificate and supported SSL/TLS versions that the firewall can use to communicate with Panorama.
  • Certificate Profile
    —Select a certificate profile from the drop-down. This certificate profile defines certificate revocation-checking behavior and the root CA used to authenticate the certificate chain presented by the client.
  • Authorization List
    Add
    and configure a new authorization profile using the following fields to set the criteria for authorizing client devices that can connect to Panorama. The Authorization List supports a maximum of 16 profile entries.
    • Identifier
      —Select
      Subject
      or
      Subject Alt. Name
      as the authorization identifier.
    • Type
      —If you selected
      Subject Alt. Name
      as the Identifier, then select
      IP
      ,
      hostname
      , or
      e-mail
      as the identifier type. If you selected
      Subject
      , then you must use
      common name
      as the identifier type.
    • Value
      —Enter the identifier value.
  • Authorize Clients Based on Serial Number
    —Panorama authorizes client devices based on a hash of the device serial number.
  • Check Authorization List
    —Panorama checks client device identities against the authorization list. A device need match only one criterion on the list to be authorized. If no match is found, the device is not authorized.
  • Disconnect Wait Time (min)
    —The amount of time (in minutes) that Panorama waits before terminating the current connection with its managed devices. Panorama then reestablishes connections with its managed devices using the configured secure server communications settings. The wait time begins after you commit the secure server communications configuration.
Secure Client Communications
Using
Secure Client Communication
ensures that the client Panorama uses configured custom certificates (instead of the default predefined certificate) to authenticate SSL connections with another Panorama appliance in an HA pair or WildFire appliance.
  • Predefined
    (default)—No device certificate is configured and Panorama uses the default predefined certificate.
  • Local
    —Panorama uses a local device certificate and the corresponding private key generated on the firewall or imported from an existing enterprise PKI server.
    • Certificate
      —Select the local device certificate.
    • Certificate Profile
      —Select the Certificate Profile from the drop-down.
  • SCEP
    —Panorama uses a device certificate and private key generated by a Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) server.
    • SCEP Profile
      —Select a SCEP Profile from the drop-down.
    • Certificate Profile
      —Select the Certificate Profile from the drop-down.
  • Customize Communication
    • HA Communication
      —Panorama uses the configured client certificate for HA communication with its HA peer.
    • WildFire Communication
      —Panorama uses the configured client certificate for communication with a WildFire appliance.
Logging and Reporting Settings
Use this section to modify:
  • Expiration periods and storage quotas for reports and for the following log types. The settings are synchronized across high availability pairs.
    • Logs of all types that the firewall generates and stores locally (
      Device
      Setup
      Management
      ). The settings apply to all the virtual systems on the firewall.
    • Logs that an M-Series appliance or a Panorama virtual appliance in Panorama mode generates and stores locally: System, Config, Application Statistics, and User-ID™ logs (
      Panorama
      Setup
      Management
      ).
    • Logs of all types that the Panorama virtual appliance in Legacy mode generates locally or collects from firewalls (
      Panorama
      Setup
      Management
      ).
      For the logs that firewalls send to Panorama Log Collectors, you set storage quotas and expiration periods in each Collector Group (see Panorama > Collector Groups).
  • Attributes for calculating and exporting user activity reports.
  • Predefined reports created on the firewall or Panorama.
Log Storage tab
(
Panorama management server and all firewall models except PA-5200 Series and PA‑7000 Series firewalls
)
Panorama displays this tab if you edit the Logging and Reporting Settings (
Panorama
Setup
Management
). If you use a Panorama template to configure the settings for firewalls (
Device
Setup
Management
), see Single Disk Storage and Multi Disk Storage tabs.
For each log type, specify:
  • Quota
    —The
    Quota
    , as a percentage, allocated on the hard disk for log storage. When you change a
    Quota
    value, the associated disk allocation changes automatically. If the total of all the values exceeds 100%, a message appears in red and an error message will appear if you try to save the settings. If this happens, adjust the percentages so that the total is within the 100% limit.
    VM-Series firewalls by default have a 0% quota allocated for
    SCTP
    log storage,
    SCTP Summary
    ,
    Hourly SCTP Summary
    ,
    Daily SCTP Summary
    , and
    Weekly SCTP Summary
    , so you must allocate some percentage for these firewalls to log SCTP information.
  • Max Days
    —The length (in days) of the log expiration period (range is 1 to 2,000). The firewall or Panorama appliance automatically deletes logs that exceed the specified period. By default, there is no expiration period, which means logs never expire.
    The firewall or Panorama appliance evaluates logs during creation of the logs and then deletes logs that exceed the expiration period or quota size.
Weekly summary logs can age beyond the threshold before the next deletion if they reach the expiration threshold between times when the firewall deletes logs. When a log quota reaches the maximum size, new log entries start overwriting the oldest log entries. If you reduce a log quota size, the firewall or Panorama removes the oldest logs when you commit the changes. In an HA active/passive configuration, the passive peer does not receive logs and, therefore, does not delete them unless failover occurs and the passive peer becomes active.
  • Core Files
    —If your firewall experiences a system process failure, it will generate a core file that contains details about the process and why it failed. If a core file is too large for the default core file storage location (
    /var/cores
    partition), you can enable the
    large-core
    file option to allocate an alternate and larger storage location (
    /opt/panlogs/cores
    ). A Palo Alto Networks support engineer can increase the allocated storage if needed.
To enable or disable the
large-core
file option, enter the following CLI command from configuration mode and then
commit
the configuration:
# set deviceconfig settings management large-core [yes|no]
The core file is deleted when you disable this option.
You must use SCP from operational mode to export the core file:
> scp export core-file large-corefile
Only a Palo Alto Networks support engineer can interpret the contents of the core files.
  • Restore Defaults
    —Select this option to revert to the default values.
Session Log Storage
and
Management Log Storage
tabs
(
PA-5200 Series and PA‑7000 Series firewalls only
)
PA-5200 Series and
PA-7000 Series firewalls store management logs and session logs on separate disks. Select the tab for each set of logs and configure the settings described in Log Storage tab:
  • Session Log Storage
    —Select
    Session Log Quota
    and set the quotas and expiration periods for Traffic, Threat, URL Filtering, HIP Match, User-ID, GTP/Tunnel, SCTP, and Authentication logs, as well as Extended Threat PCAPs.
  • Management Log Storage
    —Set quotas and expiration periods for System, Config, and App Stats logs, as well as for HIP Reports, Data Filtering Captures, App PCAPs, and Debug Filter PCAPs.
Single Disk Storage
and
Multi Disk Storage
tabs
(
Panorama template only
)
If you use a Panorama template to configure log quotas and expiration periods, configure the settings in one or both of the following tabs based on the firewalls assigned to the template:
  • PA-5200 Series and PA-7000 Series firewalls
    —Select
    Multi Disk Storage
    and configure the settings in the Session Log Storage and Management Log Storage tabs.
    PA-5200 Series firewalls by default have a 0% quota allocated for
    SCTP
    log storage,
    SCTP Summary
    ,
    Hourly SCTP Summary
    ,
    Daily SCTP Summary
    , and
    Weekly SCTP Summary
    , so you must allocate some percentage for these firewalls to log SCTP information.
  • All other firewall models
    —Select
    Single Disk Storage
    , select
    Session Log Quota
    , and configure the settings on the Log Storage tab.
Log Export and Reporting tab
Configure the following log export and reporting settings as needed:
  • Number of Versions for Config Audit
    —Enter the number of configuration versions to save before discarding the oldest ones (default is 100). You can use these saved versions to audit and compare changes in configuration.
  • Number of Versions for Config Backups
    —(
    Panorama only
    ) Enter the number of configuration backups to save before discarding the oldest ones (default is 100).
  • Max Rows in CSV Export
    —Enter the maximum number of rows that will appear in the CSV reports generated when you
    Export to CSV
    from the traffic logs view (range is 1 to 1,048,576; default is 65,535).
  • Max Rows in User Activity Report
    —Enter the maximum number of rows that is supported for the detailed user activity reports (range is 1 to 1,048,576; default is 5,000).
Log Export and Reporting tab (cont)
  • Average Browse Time (sec)
    —Configure this variable to adjust how the browse time is calculated in seconds for the Monitor > PDF Reports > User Activity Report (range is 0 to 300 seconds; default is 60).
    The calculation will ignore sites categorized as web advertisements and content delivery networks. The browse time calculation is based on container pages logged in the URL filtering logs. Container pages are used as the basis for this calculation because many sites load content from external sites that should not be considered. For more information on the container page, see Container Pages. The average browse time setting is the average time that the administrator thinks it should take a user to browse a web page. Any request made after the average browse time has elapsed will be considered a new browsing activity. The calculation will ignore any new web pages that are loaded between the time of the first request (start time) and the average browse time. This behavior was designed to exclude any external sites that are loaded within the web page of interest. Example: If the average browse time setting is 2 minutes and a user opens a web page and views that page for 5 minutes, the browse time for that page will still be 2 minutes. This is done because there is no way to determine how long a user views a given page.
  • Page Load Threshold (sec)
    —Allows you to adjust the assumed time (in seconds) that it takes for page elements to load on the page (range is 0 to 60; default is 20). Any request that occurs between the first page load and the page load threshold is assumed to be elements of the page. Any requests that occur outside of the page load threshold is assumed to be the user clicking a link within the page. The page load threshold is also used in the calculations for the Monitor > PDF Reports > User Activity Report.
  • Syslog HOSTNAME Format
    —Select whether to use the FQDN, hostname, or IP address (IPv4 or IPv6) in the syslog message header. This header identifies the firewall or Panorama management server where the message originated.
  • Report Runtime
    —Select the time of day (default is 2 a.m.) when the firewall or Panorama appliance starts generating daily scheduled reports.
  • Report Expiration Period
    —Set the expiration period (in days) for reports (range is 1 to 2,000). By default, there is no expiration period, which means reports never expire. The firewall or Panorama appliance deletes expired reports nightly at 2 A.M. according to its system time.
  • Stop Traffic when LogDb full
    (
    Firewall only
    ; disabled by default)—Select this option if you want traffic through the firewall to stop when the log database is full.
  • Enable Threat Vault Access
    (enabled by default)—Enables the firewall to access the Threat Vault to gather the latest information about detected threats. This information is available for threat logs and for top threat activity charted on the ACC.
  • Enable Log on High DP Load
    (
    Firewall only
    ; disabled by default)—Select this option to specify that a system log entry is generated when the packet processing load on the firewall is at 100% CPU utilization.
    Enable Log on High DP Load
    allows administrators to investigate and identify the cause of high CPU utilization.
    A high CPU load can cause operational degradation because the CPU does not have enough cycles to process all packets. The system log alerts you to this issue (a log entry is generated each minute) and allows you to investigate for probable cause.
  • Enable High Speed Log Forwarding
    (
    PA-5200 Series and PA-7000 Series firewalls only
    ; disabled by default)—As a best practice, select this option to forward logs to Panorama at up to a maximum rate of 120,000 logs per second. When disabled, the firewall forwards logs to Panorama at a maximum rate of only 80,000 logs per second.
    If you enable this option, the firewall does not store logs locally or display them in the
    Dashboard
    ,
    ACC
    , or
    Monitor
    tabs. Additionally, you must configure log forwarding to Panorama TechDocs_logo_cropped.png to use this option.
  • Log Collector Status
    —Displays status of whether the firewall successfully established a connection to the Distributed Log Collection architecture and is sending logs to it. If the firewall is also configured to send logs to the Logging Service, verify the
    Logging Service Status
    , in the Logging Service section.
(
Panorama only
)
  • Buffered Log Forwarding from Device
    (enabled by default)—Allows the firewall to buffer log entries on its hard disk (local storage) when it loses connectivity to Panorama. When the connection to Panorama is restored, the firewall forwards the log entries to Panorama; the disk space available for buffering depends on the log storage quota for the firewall model and the volume of logs that are pending roll over. If the available space is consumed, the oldest entries are deleted to allow logging of new events.
    Enable
    Buffered Log Forwarding from Device
    to help prevent loss of logs if the connection to Panorama goes down.
  • Get Only New Logs on Convert to Primary
    (disabled by default)—This option applies only to a Panorama virtual appliance in Legacy mode that writes logs to a Network File System (NFS). With NFS logging, only the primary Panorama is mounted to the NFS. Therefore, the firewalls send logs only to the active primary Panorama. This option enables you to configure firewalls to send newly generated logs only to Panorama when an HA failover occurs and the secondary Panorama resumes logging to the NFS (after it is promoted as primary). This option is typically enabled to prevent firewalls from sending a large volume of buffered logs when connectivity to Panorama is restored after a significant period of time.
  • Only Active Primary Logs to Local Disk
    (disabled by default)—This option applies only to a Panorama virtual appliance in Legacy mode. This option enables you to configure only the active Panorama to save logs to the local disk.
Pre-Defined Reports
(enabled by default)—Pre-defined reports for application, traffic, threat, URL Filtering, and Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) are available on the firewall and on Panorama. Pre-defined reports for SCTP are available on the firewall and Panorama after SCTP Security is enabled in
Device
Setup
Management
General Settings
.
Because the firewalls consume memory resources in generating the results hourly (and forwarding it to Panorama where it is aggregated and compiled for viewing), to reduce memory usage, you can disable the reports that are not relevant to you. To disable a report, disable this option for the report.
Click
Select All
or
Deselect All
to entirely enable or disable the generation of pre-defined reports.
Before disabling a report, verify that there isn’t a Group Report or a PDF Report using it. If you disable a pre-defined report assigned to a set of reports, the entire set of reports will have no data.
Banners and Messages
To view all messages in a Message of the Day dialog, see Message of the Day.
After you configure the Message of the Day and click
OK
, administrators who subsequently log in and active administrators who refresh their browsers will see the new or updated message immediately; a commit is not required. This enables you to warn other administrators of an impending commit before you perform that commit.
Message of the Day
(check box)
Select this option to enable the Message of the Day dialog to display when an administrator logs in to the web interface.
Message of the Day
(text-entry field)
Enter the text (up to 3,200 characters) for the Message of the Day dialog.
Allow Do Not Display Again
Select this option (disabled by default) to include a
Do not show again
option in the Message of the Day dialog. This gives administrators the option to avoid seeing the same message in subsequent logins.
If you modify the
Message of the Day
text, the message displays even to administrators who selected
Do not show again
. Administrators must reselect this option to avoid seeing the modified message in subsequent sessions unless the message is modified again.
Title
Enter text for the Message of the Day header (default is
Message of the Day
).
Background Color
Select a background color for the Message of the Day dialog. The default (
None
) is a light gray background.
Icon
Select a predefined icon to appear above the text in the Message of the Day dialog:
  • None
    (default)
  • Error
    icon_error.png
  • Help
    icon_question.png
  • Information
    icon_information.png
  • Warning
    icon_warning.png
Header Banner
Enter the text that the header banner displays (up to 3,200 characters).
Header Color
Select a color for the header background. The default (
None
) is a transparent background.
Header Text Color
Select a color for the header text. The default (
None
) is black.
Same banner for header and footer
Select this option (enabled by default) if you want the footer banner to have the same text and colors as the header banner. When enabled, the fields for the footer banner text and colors are grayed out.
Footer Banner
Enter the text that the footer banner displays (up to 3,200 characters).
Footer Color
Select a color for the footer background. The default (
None
) is a transparent background.
Footer Text Color
Select a color for the footer text. The default (
None
) is black.
Minimum Password Complexity
Enabled
Enable minimum password requirements for local accounts. With this feature, you can ensure that local administrator accounts on the firewall will adhere to a defined set of password requirements.
You can also create a password profile with a subset of these options that will override these settings and can be applied to specific accounts. For more information, see Device > Password Profiles and see Username and Password Requirements for information on valid characters that can be used for accounts.
The maximum password length is 31 characters. Avoid setting requirements that PAN-OS does not accept. For example, do not set a requirement of 10 uppercase, 10 lower case, 10 numbers, and 10 special characters because that would exceed the maximum length of 31 characters.
If you have high availability (HA) configured, always use the primary peer when configuring password complexity options and commit soon after making changes.
Minimum password complexity settings do not apply to local database accounts for which you specified a
Password Hash
(see Device > Local User Database > Users).
Require strong passwords to help prevent brute force network access attacks from succeeding. Require a minimum length and the use of at least one each of uppercase letters, lowercase letters, numerical values, and special characters. In addition, prevent excessive repetition of characters and usernames in passwords, set limits on how often passwords can be reused, and set regular password change periods so passwords don’t stay in use too long. The stronger the password requirements, the more difficult you make it for attackers to hack a password. Be sure to use the best practices for password strength to ensure a strict password.
Minimum Length
Require a minimum password length (range is 1 to 15 characters).
Minimum Uppercase Letters
Require a minimum number of uppercase letters (ranges is 0 to 15 characters).
Minimum Lowercase Letters
Require a minimum number of lowercase letters (range is 0 to 15 characters).
Minimum Numeric Letters
Require a minimum number of numeric letters (range is 0 to 15 numbers).
Minimum Special Characters
Require a minimum number of special (non-alphanumeric) characters (range is 0 to 15 characters).
Block Repeated Characters
Specify the number of sequential duplicate characters permitted in a password (range is 2 to 15).
If you set the value to 2, the password can contain the same character in sequence twice but if the same character is used three or more times in sequence, the password is not permitted.
For example, if the value is set to 2, the system will accept the password test11 or 11test11, but not test111, because the number 1 appears three times in sequence.
Block Username Inclusion (including reversed)
Select this option to prevent the account username (or reversed version of the name) from being used in the password.
New Password Differs By Characters
When administrators change their passwords, the characters must differ by the specified value.
Require Password Change on First Login
Select this option to prompt administrators to change their passwords the first time they log in to the firewall.
Prevent Password Reuse Limit
Require that a previous password is not reused based on the specified count. For example, if the value is set to 4, you could not reuse any of your last 4 passwords (range is 0 to 50).
Block Password Change Period (days)
User cannot change their passwords until the specified number of days is reached (range is 0 to 365 days).
Required Password Change Period (days)
Require that administrators change their password on a regular basis (in days) (range is 0 to 365). For example, if the value is set to 90, administrators are prompted to change their password every 90 days.
You can also set an expiration warning from 0 to 30 days and specify a grace period.
Expiration Warning Period (days)
If a
Required Password Change Period
is set, you can use this
Expiration Warning Period
to prompt users at each log in to change their password when there are less than a specified number of days remaining before the required change date (range is 0 to 30).
Post Expiration Admin Login Count (count)
Allow the administrator to log in a specified number of times after the required change date (range is 0 to 3). For example, if you set this value to 3 and their account has expired, they can log in 3 more times without changing their password before their account is locked out.
Post Expiration Grace Period (days)
Allow the administrator to log in for a specified number of days after the account has expired (range is 0 to 30).
AutoFocus™
Enabled
Enable the firewall to connect to an AutoFocus portal to retrieve threat intelligence data and to enable integrated searches between the firewall and AutoFocus.
When connected to AutoFocus, the firewall displays AutoFocus data associated with Traffic, Threat, URL Filtering, WildFire Submissions, and Data Filtering log entries (
Monitor
Logs
). You can click on an artifact in these types of log entries (such as an IP address or a URL) to display a summary of the AutoFocus findings and statistics for that artifact. You can then open an expanded AutoFocus search for the artifact directly from the firewall.
Check that your AutoFocus license is active on the firewall (
Device
Licenses
). If the AutoFocus license is not displayed, use one of the
License Management
options to activate the license.
AutoFocus URL
Enter the AutoFocus URL:
https://autofocus.paloaltonetworks.com:10443
Query Timeout (sec)
Set the duration of time (in seconds) for the firewall to attempt to query AutoFocus for threat intelligence data. If the AutoFocus portal does not respond before the end of the specified period, the firewall closes the connection.
Logging Service
Use this section to configure VM-Series and hardware-based firewalls to forward logs to Cortex Data Lake. Here’s the full workflow to configure the options described below:
The Logging Service is now called Cortex Data Lake; however, some firewall features and buttons still display the Logging Service name.
Enable Logging Service
Pick this option to enable the firewall (or, if you’re using Panorama, firewalls that belong to the selected
Template
) to forward logs to Cortex Data Lake (Cortex Data Lake was previously called the Logging Service).
After you configure Log Forwarding (Objects > Log Forwarding), the firewall forwards logs directly to Cortex Data Lake—this is true even for Panorama-managed firewalls.
Enable Duplicate Logging (for Panorama-managed firewalls only)
Enable Duplicate Logging
to continue to send logs to Panorama and distributed Log Collectors, in addition to sending logs to Cortex Data Lake.
This is a helpful option if you’re evaluating Cortex Data Lake—when enabled, the firewalls that belong to the selected Template will save a copy of the logs to Cortex Data Lake and to your Panorama or Distributed Log Collection architecture.
Enable Enhanced Application Logging
Enable Enhanced Application Logging
if you want the firewall to collect data that increases network visibility for Palo Alto Networks applications. For example, this increased network visibility enables Palo Alto Networks Cortex XDR apps to better categorize and establish a baseline for normal network activity so that the firewall can detect unusual behavior that might indicate an attack.
Enhanced Application Logging requires a Logging Service (Cortex Data Lake) license. You cannot view these logs—they are designed to be consumed only by Palo Alto Networks applications.
Region
Select the geographic region of Cortex Data Lake (Logging Service) instance to which the firewall will forward logs. Log in to the Cortex hub to confirm the region in which a Cortex Data Lake instance is deployed (in the hub, select the settings gear on the top menu bar and click
Manage Apps
).
Connection count to Logging Service for PA-7000s and PA-5200s
(
PA-7000 Series and PA-5200 Series firewalls
) Specify the number of connections for sending logs from the firewalls to Cortex Data Lake (range is 1 to 20; default is 5). You can use the
request logging-service-forwarding status
CLI command on the firewall to verify the number of active connections between the firewall and Cortex Data Lake.
Onboard without Panorama
(for firewalls that are not managed by Panorama)
You can enable firewalls that are not managed by Panorama to log to Cortex Data Lake. To do this, you’ll need to first generate a key in the Cortex Data Lake app. This key enables the firewall to authenticate and securely connect to Cortex Data Lake. After you’ve generated the key, enter it here. Then, continue to enable the firewall to start forwarding logs to Cortex Data Lake.
Logging Service Status
View the status of the connection to Cortex Data Lake.
Show Status
to view the details for the following checks:
  • License
    OK
    or
    Error
    to indicate whether the firewall has a valid license to forward logs to Cortex Data Lake.
  • Certificate
    OK
    or
    Error
    to indicate whether the firewall successfully fetched the certificate required to authenticate to Cortex Data Lake.
  • Customer Info
    OK
    or
    Error
    to indicate whether the firewall has the required customer identification number to use Cortex Data Lake. When the status is
    OK
    , you can see the customer identification number as well.
  • Device Connectivity
    —Indicates whether the firewall is successfully connected to Cortex Data Lake.

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