The SSL Protocol Settings define the protocols and the
key exchange, encryption, and authentication algorithms that the
firewall accepts for outbound SSL Forward Proxy and inbound SSL
Inbound Inspection traffic.
The SSL Protocol Settings (
SSL Protocol Settings
whether you allow vulnerable SSL/TLS protocol versions, weak encryption
algorithms, and weak authentication algorithms. SSL Protocol Settings
apply to outbound SSL Forward Proxy and inbound SSL Inbound Inspection
traffic. These settings don’t apply to SSH Proxy traffic or to traffic
that you don’t decrypt.
When you configure SSL Protocol Settings
for SSL Inbound Inspection traffic, create separate profiles for
servers with different security capabilities. For example, if one
set of servers supports only RSA, the SSL Protocol Settings only
need to support RSA. However, the SSL Protocol Settings for servers that
support PFS should support PFS. Configure SSL Protocol Settings
for the highest level of security that the target server you are
protecting supports, but check performance to ensure that the firewall
resources can handle the higher processing load that higher security
protocols and algorithms require.
provide the strongest security—business sites that value security
support TLSv1.2. If a site (or a category of sites) only supports
weaker ciphers, review the site and determine if it really houses
a legitimate business application. If it does, make an exception
for only that site by configuring a Decryption profile with a
that matches the strongest cipher the site supports
and then applying the profile to a Decryption policy rule that limits
allowing the weak cipher to only the site or sites in question.
If the site doesn’t house a legitimate business application, don’t
weaken your security posture to support the site—weak protocols
(and ciphers) contain known vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit.
If the site belongs to a category of sites that you don’t need for
business purposes, use URL Filtering to block access to the entire
category. Don’t support weak encryption or authentication algorithms
unless you must do so to support important legacy sites, and when
you make exceptions, create a separate Decryption profile that allows
the weaker protocol just for those sites. Don’t downgrade the main
Decryption profile that you apply to most sites to TLSv1.1 just
to accommodate a few exceptions.
SSL Labs SSL Pulse web page provides up-to-date statistics
on the percentages of different ciphers and protocols in use on
the 150,000 most popular sites in the world so you can see trends
and understand how widespread worldwide support is for more secure
ciphers and protocols.
than to a particular version so that as the protocols improve, the
firewall automatically supports the newest and best protocols. Whether
you intend to attach a Decryption profile to a Decryption policy
rule that governs inbound (SSL Inbound Inspection) or outbound (SSL Forward
Proxy) traffic, avoid allowing weak algorithms.
Key Exchange Algorithms: Leave all three boxes checked (default)
to support both RSA and PFS (DHE
and ECDHE) key exchanges.
To support HTTP/2 traffic, you
must leave the ECDHE box checked.
Encryption Algorithms: When you set the protocol version to TLSv1.2,
the older, weaker 3DES and RC4 algorithms are automatically unchecked
(blocked). For any traffic for which you must allow a weaker TLS
protocol, create a separate Decryption profile and apply it only
to traffic for that site, and uncheck the 3DES and RC4 boxes. Do
not allow traffic that uses the 3DES or RC4 algorithms. If unchecking the
3DES or RC4 boxes prevents you from accessing a site that you must
use for business, create a separate Decryption profile for that
site. Don’t weaken decryption for any other sites.
Authentication Algorithms: The older, weaker MD5 algorithm is
automatically unchecked (blocked). Do not allow MD5 authenticated
traffic on your network; SHA1 is the weakest authentication algorithm
you should allow. If no necessary sites use SHA1, uncheck the box
and block traffic to further reduce the attack surface.