Deploy User-ID in a Large-Scale Network

A large-scale network can have hundreds of information sources that firewalls query to map IP addresses to usernames and to map usernames to user groups. You can simplify User-ID administration for such a network by aggregating the user mapping and group mapping information before the User-ID agents collect it, thereby reducing the number of required agents.
A large-scale network can also have numerous firewalls that use the mapping information to enforce policies. You can reduce the resources that the firewalls and information sources use in the querying process by configuring some firewalls to acquire mapping information through redistribution instead of direct querying. Redistribution also enables the firewalls to enforce user-based policies when users rely on local sources for authentication (such as regional directory services) but need access to remote services and applications (such as global data center applications).
If you Configure Authentication Policy, your firewalls must also redistribute the Authentication Timestamps associated with user responses to authentication challenges. Firewalls use the timestamps to evaluate the timeouts for Authentication policy rules. The timeouts allow a user who successfully authenticates to later request services and applications without authenticating again within the timeout periods. Redistributing timestamps enables you to enforce consistent timeouts for each user even if the firewall that initially grants a user access is not the same firewall that later controls access for that user.
If you have configured multiple virtual systems, you can share IP address-to-username mapping information across virtual systems by selecting a virtual system as a User-ID hub.

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