Firewall Deployment for User-ID Redistribution

To aggregate User-ID information, organize the redistribution sequence in layers, where each layer has one or more firewalls. In the bottom layer, PAN-OS integrated User-ID agents running on firewalls and Windows-based User-ID agents running on Windows servers map IP addresses to usernames. Each higher layer has firewalls that receive the mapping information and authentication timestamps from up to 100 redistribution points in the layer beneath it. The top-layer firewalls aggregate the mappings and timestamps from all layers. This deployment provides the option to configure policies for all users in top-layer firewalls and region- or function-specific policies for a subset of users in the corresponding domains served by lower-layer firewalls.
Figure 1 shows a deployment with three layers of firewalls that redistribute mappings and timestamps from local offices to regional offices and then to a global data center. The data center firewall that aggregates all the information shares it with other data center firewalls so that they can all enforce policy and generate reports for users across your entire network. Only the bottom layer firewalls use User-ID agents to query the directory servers.
The information sources that the User-ID agents query do not count towards the maximum of ten hops in the sequence. However, Windows-based User-ID agents that forward mapping information to firewalls do count. Therefore, in this example, redistribution from the European region to all the data center firewalls requires only three hops, while redistribution from the North American region requires four hops. Also in this example, the top layer has two hops: the first to aggregate information in one data center firewall and the second to share the information with other data center firewalls.
User-ID and Timestamp Redistribution

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