The M-100 appliance has eight drive bays and each drive pair (A1/A2 and B1/B2 for example) is in a separate RAID 1 array. By default, the M-100 appliance ships with 1TB drives installed in two bays (A1 and A2) or you can choose to order the M-100 appliance with 1TB drives installed in all eight drive bays (A1 through D2). The M-500 appliance has 24 drive bays but only the first 16 (A1 through H2) are configurable. By default, the M-500 appliance ships with four 2TB disk drives installed in drive bays A1 through B2. Each pair (A1/A2, B1/B2, C1/C2, and D1/D2) is configured in separate RAID 1 arrays.
After you Perform Initial Configuration of the M-Series Appliance, you can increase log storage capacity of the appliance by upgrading any existing 1TB drives (to 2TB drives) or by installing additional 1TB or 2TB drives in empty and configurable drive bays. For example, on an M-500 appliance, you can choose to upgrade the existing 1TB drives to 2TB drives or you can add 2TB drives to the empty drive bays (E1 through H2).
For information on replacing failed drives, refer to the M-100 or M-500 Hardware Reference Guide.
The following table shows the maximum log storage capacity for each appliance based on the number of drives installed and the size of each drive.
Appliance Number of Drives Log Storage Capacity Using 1TB Drives Log Storage Capacity Using 2TB Drives Log Storage Capacity Using 1TB and 2TB Drives
M-100 Appliance Minimum - 2 Maximum - 8 Minimum - 1TB Maximum - 4TB Minimum - 2TB Maximum - 8TB Minimum - 3TB Maximum - 7TB
M-500 Appliance Minimum - 8 Maximum - 24 Minimum - 4TB Maximum - 12TB Minimum - 8TB Maximum - 24TB Minimum - 3TB Maximum - 23TB
Before expanding log storage capacity, Determine Panorama Log Storage Requirements.
If you need more log storage than a single M-Series appliance supports, you can add Dedicated Log Collectors (see Configure a Managed Collector) or you can Configure Log Forwarding from Panorama to External Destinations. You don’t need to take the M-Series appliance offline to expand the storage when adding drives to an M-Series appliance that is already deployed. When the additional drives are configurable and available, the M-Series appliance redistributes the logs among all available drives. This log redistribution process happens in the background and does not impact uptime or the availability of the M-Series appliance. However, the process does diminish the maximum logging rate. The Redistribution State column ( Panorama > Collector Groups) indicates the completion status of the process as a percentage.
Add Additional Drives to an M-Series Appliance
Add Additional Drives to an M-Series Appliance
Install the new drives in the appropriate drive bays. Make sure to add the drives sequentially in the next open drive bays. For example, add drives to B1 and B2 before adding drives to C1 and C2.
Access the command line interface (CLI) on the M-Series appliance. Connect to the M-Series appliance in one of two ways: Connect a serial cable from your computer to the Console port and connect to the M-Series appliance using terminal emulation software (9600-8-N-1). Use terminal emulation software (such as PuTTY) to open a Secure Shell (SSH) session to the IP address of the M-Series appliance.
When prompted, log in to the appliance. Use the default administrator account and the assigned password.
Configure each array. The time required to mirror the data on the drive may vary from several minutes to a few hours, depending on the amount of data on the drive. The following example uses the drives in bays B1 and B2. Enter the following commands and confirm the request when prompted: > request system raid add B1 > request system raid add B2 To monitor the progress of the RAID configuration, enter the following command: > show system raid detail When the RAID set up is complete, the following response displays: Disk Pair A Available Status clean Disk id A1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id A2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk Pair B Available Status clean Disk id B1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id B2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync
Make the array available for logging. To enable the array for logging, you must first add the appliance as a managed collector on Panorama. If not already added, see Configure a Managed Collector. Log in to the web interface of the Panorama management server that manages this Log Collector. Select Panorama > Managed Collectors and edit the Log Collector. Select Disks and Add each array. Click OK and Commit, set the Commit Type to Panorama, and Commit again.
Upgrade Existing Drives on a M-Series Appliance
Upgrade Drives on M-Series Appliances Running Panorama 7.0.8 or a Later Release
Upgrade Drives on M-Series Appliances Running Panorama 7.0.8 or a Later Release
Access the command line interface (CLI) on the M-Series appliance. Connect to the M-Series appliance in one of two ways: Connect a serial cable from your computer to the Console port and connect to the M-Series appliance using terminal emulation software (9600-8-N-1). Use terminal emulation software (such as PuTTY) to open a Secure Shell (SSH) session to the IP address of the M-Series appliance.
When prompted, log in to the appliance. Use the default administrator account and the assigned password.
Verify that the RAID 1 status for the installed drives shows there are at least two functioning RAID 1 arrays. During the upgrade, you will upgrade one RAID 1 array at a time and there must be at least one other RAID 1 array that is available to the appliance. The appliance will show an abort error if you try to remove the only functioning array from the configuration. Enter the following command to view RAID status: > show system raid detail For example, the following shows an output from an M-500 appliance with two available arrays (Disk Pair A and Disk Pair B). If there is only one available array, you must add a second array as described in Add Additional Drives to an M-Series Appliance before you upgrade the drives. Disk Pair A Available Status clean Disk id A1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id A2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk Pair B Available Status clean Disk id B1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id B2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync
Remove the first 1TB drive and replace it with a 2TB drive. To remove the first drive from the RAID 1 array configuration (A1 in this example), enter the following command and enter y when prompted to confirm the request: > request system raid remove A1 Physically remove the first drive from the drive bay. Press the ejector button on the drive carrier in drive bay A1 to release the ejector handle. Then pull the handle toward you and slide the drive out of the appliance. Remove a 2TB drive from its packaging and place the drive on a table next to the drive you just removed. Take note of how the drive is installed in the carrier because you will install the 2TB drive in this same carrier. Remove the four screws holding the 1TB drive in the carrier and remove the drive from the carrier. Attach the 2TB drive to the carrier using the same four screws you removed from the 1TB drive and then reinsert the carrier with the 2TB drive into drive bay A1. Enter the following command to verify the 2TB drive is recognized: > show system raid detail Verify that the A1 disk shows the correct model and size (about 2TB). If the model and size are not correct, run the above command again until the correct model and size are shown. If the wrong model and size are consistently shown, enter the following command: > request system raid remove A1 Wait for 30 seconds once you run the above command, then remove the disk and reinsert it, and repeat the show system raid detail command to verify the size and model.
Copy the data from the remaining installed 1TB drive in the RAID 1 array to the newly installed 2TB drive in that array. The time required to copy the data may vary from several minutes to a few hours, depending on the amount of data on the drive. To copy the data from the 1TB drive in drive bay A2 to the newly installed 2TB drive in drive bay A1, enter the following command and enter y when prompted: > request system raid copy from A2 to A1 To view the status of the copy process, run the following command: > show system raid detail Continue running this command to view the RAID detail output until you see that the array (A1/A2 in this example) shows Available . At this point, drive A2 will show not in use because there is a drive size mismatch.
Upgrade the second drive in the RAID 1 array to a 2TB drive. Remove the second 1TB drive (from drive bay A2 in the current example) for the RAID 1 array configuration: > request system raid remove A2 Insert the carrier with the newly installed 2TB drive into drive bay A2 and add it to the RAID 1 array configuration: > request system raid add A2 The system will copy the data from A2 to A1 to mirror the drives. To view the status of the copy process, run the following command: > show system raid detail Continue to view the RAID detail output until you see that the array (A1/A2 in this example) shows Available and both disks show active sync . Disk Pair A Available Status clean Disk id A1 Present model : ST2000NX0253 size : 1907138 MB status : active sync Disk id A2 Present model : ST2000NX0253 size : 1907138 MB status : active sync
Upgrade drives for additional RAID 1 arrays as needed. To upgrade additional RAID 1 arrays to 2TB drives, repeat this procedure replacing the drive designators as applicable. For example, replace A1 with B1 and A2 with B2 to upgrade the drives in the B1/B2 RAID 1 array.
Upgrade Drives on M-Series Appliances Running Panorama 7.0.7 or an Earlier Release
The logs on the 1TB drives will not be available after upgrading drives on an M-Series appliance that is running Panorama 7.0.7 or an earlier release. Even if this is acceptable, we recommend that you perform this upgrade during a maintenance window. If it is important to you to retain logs, you must upgrade to Panorama 7.0.8 or a later release and then use the Upgrade Drives on M-Series Appliances Running Panorama 7.0.8 or a Later Release procedure.
Upgrade Drives on M-Series Appliances Running Panorama 7.0.7 or an Earlier Release
Access the command line interface (CLI) on the M-Series appliance. Connect to the M-Series appliance in one of two ways: Connect a serial cable from your computer to the Console port and connect to the M-Series appliance using terminal emulation software (9600-8-N-1). Use terminal emulation software (such as PuTTY) to open a Secure Shell (SSH) session to the IP address of the M-Series appliance.
When prompted, log in to the appliance. Use the default administrator account and the assigned password.
Verify that the RAID 1 status for the installed drives shows there are at least two functioning RAID 1 arrays. During the upgrade, you will upgrade one RAID 1 array at a time and there must be at least one other RAID 1 array that is available to the appliance. The appliance will show an abort error if you try to remove the only functioning array from the configuration. Enter the following command to view RAID status: > show system raid detail For example, the following shows an output from an M-500 appliance with two available arrays (Disk Pair A and Disk Pair B). If there is only one available array, you must add a second array as described in Add Additional Drives to an M-Series Appliance before you upgrade the drives. Disk Pair A Available Status clean Disk id A1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id A2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk Pair B Available Status clean Disk id B1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id B2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync
Remove the first two 1TB drives from the first RAID 1 array configuration and then physically remove the drives. To remove the drives from the RAID 1 array configuration (A1 and A2 in this example), enter the following commands and enter y when prompted to confirm each request: > request system raid remove A1 > request system raid remove A2 Physically remove the drives from the drive bays. Press the ejector button on each drive carrier to release the ejector handle. Then pull the handle toward you and slide the drives out of the appliance. Remove two 2TB drives from their packaging and place them on a table next to the drives you just removed. Take note of how the drives are installed in the carrier because you will install the 2TB drives in these same carriers. Remove the four screws holding each drive in its carrier and remove the drives from the carriers. Attach the 2TB drives to the carriers using the same screws you just removed and then insert the carriers with the newly installed 2TB drives into the drive bays (A1 and A2 in this example).
Create a new RAID 1 array for the newly installed 2TB drives and ensure that both drives are in the new array. To create a new array that includes the drive in drive bay A1, enter the following command: > request system raid add A1 To view and confirm the status of the new RAID 1 array configuration, enter the following command: > show system raid detail The following output shows that the Disk Pair A array is Available . At this point, drive A2 will show not in use . Disk Pair A Available Status clean, degraded Disk id A1 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : active sync Disk id A2 Present model : ST91000640NS size : 953869 MB status : not in use Add the second disk to the new array. In this example, add A2: > request system raid add A2 Continue running the show system raid detail command to view the RAID output until the disk pair status shows clean and both disks show active sync .
Upgrade drives for additional RAID 1 arrays as needed. To upgrade additional RAID 1 arrays to 2TB drives, repeat this procedure replacing the drive designators as applicable. For example, replace A1 with B1 and A2 with B2 to upgrade the drives in the B1/B2 RAID 1 array.

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