Panorama is available as one of the following virtual or physical appliances, each of which supports licenses for managing up to 25, 100, or 1,000 firewalls:
- Panorama virtual appliance—This model provides simple installation and facilitates server consolidation for sites that need a virtual management appliance. You can install Panorama on a VMware ESXi server, or on VMware vCloud Air. The virtual appliance can collect firewall logs locally at rates of up to 10,000 logs per second and can manage Dedicated Log Collectors for higher logging rates. The virtual appliance can function only as a Panorama management server, not a Dedicated Log Collector. You can deploy the virtual appliance in the following modes:
- Panorama mode—In this mode, the Panorama virtual appliance supports a local Log Collector with 1 to 12 virtual logging disks (see Deploy Panorama Virtual Appliances with Local Log Collectors). Each logging disk has 2TB of storage capacity for a total maximum of 24TB on a single virtual appliance and 48TB on a high availability (HA) pair. Only Panorama mode enables you to add multiple virtual logging disks without losing logs on existing disks. Panorama mode also provides the benefit of faster report generation. In Panorama mode, the virtual appliance does not support NFS storage.As a best practice, deploy the virtual appliance in Panorama mode to optimize log storage and report generation.
- Legacy mode—In this mode, the Panorama virtual appliance receives and stores firewall logs without using a local Log Collector (see Deploy Panorama Virtual Appliances in Legacy Mode with Local Log Collection). By default, the virtual appliance in Legacy mode has one disk partition for all data. Approximately 11GB of the partition is allocated to log storage. If you need more local log storage, you can add one virtual disk of up to 8TB on ESXi 5.5 and later versions or on vCloud Air. Earlier ESXi versions support one virtual disk of up to 2TB. If you need more than 8TB, you can mount the virtual appliance in Legacy mode to an NFS datastore but only on the ESXi server, not in vCloud Air.
- M-Series appliance—The M-100 appliance and M-500 appliance are dedicated hardware appliances intended for large-scale deployments. In environments with high logging rates (over 10,000 logs per second) and log retention requirements, these appliances enable scaling of your log collection infrastructure. Both M-Series models share the following attributes:
The M-500 appliance has the following additional attributes, which make it more suitable for data centers:
- RAID drives to store firewall logs and RAID 1 mirroring to protect against disk failures
- SSD to store the logs that Panorama and Log Collectors generate
- MGT, Eth1, Eth2, and Eth3 interfaces that support 1Gbps throughput
You can deploy the M-Series appliances in the following modes:
- Redundant, hot-swappable power supplies
- Front-to-back airflow
- Eth4 and Eth5 interfaces that support 10Gbps throughput
- Panorama mode—The appliance functions as a Panorama management server to manage firewalls and Dedicated Log Collectors. The appliance also supports a local Log Collector to aggregate firewall logs. Panorama mode is the default mode. For configuration details, see Deploy Panorama M-Series Appliances with Local Log Collectors.
- Log Collector mode—The appliance functions as a Dedicated Log Collector. If multiple firewalls forward large volumes of log data, a M-Series appliance in Log Collector mode provides increased scale and performance. In this mode, the appliance does not have a web interface for administrative access; it has only a command line interface (CLI). However, you can manage the appliance using the web interface of the Panorama management server. CLI access to an M-Series appliance in Log Collector mode is necessary only for initial setup and debugging. For configuration details, see Deploy Panorama with Dedicated Log Collectors.
The best Panorama model for your network depends on whether you must deploy within a virtual infrastructure, your bandwidth resources (some networks benefit from deploying Log Collectors close to the firewalls), and your log storage requirements (see Determine Panorama Log Storage Requirements). The following table summarizes the logging capacities of each model:
Panorama 8.0 introduced log query and reporting engine enhancements that have improved the speed when generating reports and executing queries. As a result, log ingestion rates have been affected and are lower than in previous Panorama releases.
Model Capacities and Features
Virtual Appliance in Panorama Mode
Virtual Appliance in Legacy Mode
Maximum Logging Rate for Panorama management server
Maximum Logging Rate for Dedicated Log Collector
Not applicable: the Panorama virtual appliance cannot be a Dedicated Log Collector.
Maximum Log Storage on Appliance
(24 2TB or 1TB RAID disks)
(8 2TB or 1TB RAID disks)
(12 virtual logging disks)
(2TB for ESXi versions before v5.5)
Default Log Storage on Appliance
(8 1TB RAID disks)
(2 2TB RAID disks)
(set during installation)
SSD Storage on Appliance (for logs that M-Series appliances generate)
NFS Attached Log Storage
ESXi server only
Log and Report Storage
Log and Report Storage You can edit the default storage quotas for each log type. When a log quota reaches the maximum size, Panorama starts ...
Set Up the Panorama Virtual Appliance
Set Up the Panorama Virtual Appliance The Panorama virtual appliance enables you to use your existing VMware virtual infrastructure to centrally manage and monitor Palo ...
Troubleshoot Log Storage and Connection Issues
Troubleshoot Log Storage and Connection Issues Verify Panorama Port Usage Resolve Zero Log Storage for a Collector Group Replace a Failed Disk on an M-Series ...
Set Up the M-Series Appliance
Set Up the M-Series Appliance The M-500 and M-100 appliances are high performance hardware appliances that you can deploy in Panorama mode (as Panorama management ...
Increase Storage on the M-Series Appliance
Increase Storage on the M-Series Appliance After you Perform Initial Configuration of the M-Series Appliance , you can increase log storage capacity of the appliance ...
Transition to a Different Panorama Model
Transition to a Different Panorama Model When your network requirements change (for example, the logging rate increases), you can migrate the Panorama management server and ...
Log Collector RAID Disk Settings
Log Collector RAID Disk Settings Panorama > Managed Collectors > Disks After you configure logging disks on the M-Series appliance or Panorama virtual appliance , ...
Expand Log Storage Capacity on the Panorama Virtual Appliance
Expand Log Storage Capacity on the Panorama Virtual Appliance After you Perform Initial Configuration of the Panorama Virtual Appliance , the available log storage capacity ...
Determine Panorama Log Storage Requirements
Determine Panorama Log Storage Requirements When you Plan Your Panorama Deployment , estimate how much log storage capacity Panorama requires to determine which Panorama Models ...