Perform Initial Configuration of the Panorama Virtual Appliance
Based on your Panorama model, use the AWS, Azure, or GCP web interface, KVM Virtual Machine Manager, Hyper-V Manager, VMware vSphere Client, or vCloud Air web console to set up network access to the Panorama virtual appliance. By default, the Panorama virtual appliance is deployed in Panorama mode. For unified reporting, consider using Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) or Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) as the uniform time zone across Panorama and all the managed firewalls and Log Collectors.
- Gather the required information from your network administrator.Collect the following information for the management (MGT) interface:
- IP address for the management (MGT) interface
- Default gateway
- DNS server IP addressTo complete the configuration of the MGT interface, you must specify the IP address, netmask (for IPv4) or prefix length (for IPv6), and default gateway. If you omit settings (such as the default gateway), you can access Panorama only through the console port for future configuration changes. As a best practice, always commit a complete MGT interface configuration.
- Access the console of the Panorama virtual appliance.
- Access the console.On an ESXi server:
On vCloud Air:
- Launch the VMware vSphere Client.
- Select theConsoletab for the Panorama virtual appliance and press enter to access the login screen.
- Access the vCloud Air web console and select yourVirtual Private Cloud OnDemandregion.
- Select theVirtual Machinestab, right-click the Panorama virtual machine, and selectOpen In Console.
- Enter your username and password to log in (default is admin for both).On AWS, Azure, GCP, KVM, and Hyper-V:
- Configure the network access settings for the MGT interface.Panorama uses the MGT interface for management traffic, high availability synchronization, log collection, and communication within Collector Groups.
- Enter the following commands, where<Panorama-IP>is the IP address you want to assign to the Panorama management interface,<netmask>is the subnet mask,<gateway-IP>is the IP address of the network gateway, and<DNS-IP>is the IP address of the DNS server:>configure#set deviceconfig system ip-address#<Panorama-IP>netmask<netmask>default-gateway<gateway-IP>dns-setting servers primary<DNS-IP>commit#exit
- Use the ping utility to verify network access to external services required for firewall management, such as the default gateway, DNS server, and the Palo Alto Networks Update Server, as shown in the following example:admin@Panorama-Corp>ping host updates.paloaltonetworks.comPING updates.paloaltonetworks.com (184.108.40.206) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 220.127.116.11: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=40.5 ms 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=53.6 ms 64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=79.5 msAfter verifying connectivity, press Ctrl+C to stop the pings.
- Configure the general settings.
- Using a secure connection (HTTPS) from a web browser, log in to the Panorama web interface using the IP address and password you assigned to the management interface (https://<IP address>).
- Selectand edit the General Settings.PanoramaSetupManagement
- Enter aHostnamefor the server and enter the networkDomainname. The domain name is just a label; Panorama doesn’t use it to join the domain.
- Align the clock on Panorama and the managed firewalls to use the sameTime Zone, for example GMT or UTC. If you plan to use the Logging Service, you must configure NTP so that Panorama can stay in sync with the Logging Service.Timestamps are recorded when Panorama receives the logs and the managed firewalls generate the logs. Aligning the time zones on Panorama and the firewalls ensures that the timestamps are synchronized and the process of querying logs and generating reports on Panorama is harmonious.
- Enter theLatitudeandLongitudeto enable accurate placement of the Panorama management server on the world map.
- Enter theSerial Numberyou received in the order fulfillment email.
- ClickOKto save your changes.
- Change the default administrator password.To ensure that the management interface remains secure, configure the Minimum Password Complexity ().PanoramaSetupManagement
- Click theadminlink on the left side of the web interface footer.
- Enter theOld Passwordand theNew Passwordin the appropriate fields and record the new password in a safe location.
- (Optional) Modify the management interface settings.
- Selectand clickPanoramaSetupInterfacesManagement.
- If your firewalls connect to the Panorama management server using a public IP address that is translated to a private IP address (NAT), enter the public IP in thePublic IP Addressfield, and the private IP in theIP Addressfield to push both addresses to your firewalls.
- Select which Network Connectivity Services to allow on the interface (such asSSHaccess).Don’t selectTelnetorHTTP. These services use plaintext and are less secure than the other services.
- ClickOKto save your changes to the interface.
- Commit your configuration changes.SelectandCommitCommit to PanoramaCommityour changes.
- Next steps...
- (Best Practice) Replace the default certificate that Panorama uses to secure HTTPS traffic over the management (MGT) interface.
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