Panorama Commit, Validation, and Preview Operations
When you are ready to activate changes that you made to the candidate configuration on Panorama or to push changes to the devices that Panorama manages (firewalls, Log Collectors, and WildFire appliances and appliance clusters), you can Preview, Validate, or Commit Configuration Changes. For example, if you add a Log Collector to the Panorama configuration, firewalls cannot send logs to that Log Collector until you commit the change to Panorama and then push the change to the Collector Group that contains the Log Collector.
You can filter changes by administrator or location and then commit, push, validate, or preview only those changes. The location can be specific device groups, templates, Collector Groups, Log Collectors, shared settings, or the Panorama management server.
When you commit changes, they become part of the running configuration. Changes that you haven’t committed are part of the candidate configuration. Panorama queues commit requests so that you can initiate a new commit while a previous commit is in progress. Panorama performs the commits in the order they are initiated but prioritizes auto-commits that are initiated by Panorama (such as FQDN refreshes). However, if the queue already has the maximum number of administrator-initiated commits (10), you must wait for Panorama to finish processing a pending commit before initiating a new one. You can Use the Panorama Task Manager ( ) to cancel pending commits or to see details about commits that are pending, in progress, completed, or failed. To check which changes a commit will activate, you can run a commit preview.
When you initiate a commit, Panorama checks the validity of the changes before activating them. The validation output displays conditions that block the commit (errors) or that are important to know (warnings). For example, validation could indicate an invalid route destination that you need to fix for the commit to succeed. The validation process enables you to find and fix errors before you commit (it makes no changes to the running configuration). This is useful if you have a fixed commit window and want to be sure the commit will succeed without errors.
Automated commit recovery is enabled by default, allowing the managed firewalls to locally test the configuration pushed from Panorama to verify that the new changes do not break the connection between Panorama and the managed firewall. If the committed configuration breaks the connection between Panorama and a managed firewall then the firewall automatically fails the commit and the configuration is reverted to the previous running configuration and the Shared Policy or Template Status (
) gets out of sync depending on which configuration objects were pushed. Additionally, the managed firewalls test their connection to Panorama every 60 minutes and if a managed firewall detects that it can no longer successfully connect to Panorama then it reverts its configuration to the previous running configuration.
For details on candidate and running configurations, see Manage Panorama and Firewall Configuration Backups.
To prevent multiple administrators from making configuration changes during concurrent sessions, see Manage Locks for Restricting Configuration Changes.
When pushing configurations to managed firewalls, Panorama pushes the running configuration. Because of this, Panorama does not let you push changes to managed firewalls until you first commit the changes to Panorama.
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