Configure Logging for Cloud NGFW on AWS

A log is an automatically generated, time-stamped file that provides an audit trail for system events on the firewall or network traffic events that the firewall monitors. Log entries contain artifacts, which are properties, activities, or behaviors associated with the logged event, such as the application type or the IP address of an attacker. Each log type records information for a separate event type. For example, the firewall generates a Threat log to record traffic that matches a spyware, vulnerability, or virus signature or a DoS attack that matches the thresholds configured for a port scan or host sweep activity on the firewall.
The Cloud NGFW can send traffic, threat, and decryption logs to an S3 Bucket, CloudWatch Log Group, or Kinesis Data Firehose. The names of these log destinations must be included in the Cloud NGFW CloudFormation template that is launched when you add your Tenet Admin AWS Account to the Cloud NGFW. The CloudWatch Log Group and Kinesis Data Firehose have a default value of
in the CFT. The S3 Bucket has no default. The Cloud NGFW does not create these resources in your AWS environment. The CFT gives the Cloud NGFW the permissions to write the logs to the destination. A destination with name you provided in the CFT must exist in your deployment to successfully capture NGFW logs.

Log Types

Cloud NGFW can capture and save three types of logs.
  • Traffic
    —Traffic logs display an entry for the start and end of each session. See Cloud NGFW for AWS Traffic Log Fields for more information.
  • Threat
    —Threat logs display entries when traffic matches one of the security profiles attached to a security rule on the firewall. Each entry includes the following information: date and time; type of threat (such as virus or spyware); threat description or URL (Name column); alarm action (such as allow or block); and severity level.
    See Cloud NGFW for AWS Threat Log Fields for more information.
    Serious threats, such as those that affect default installations of widely deployed software, result in root compromise of servers, and the exploit code is widely available to attackers. The attacker usually does not need any special authentication credentials or knowledge about the individual victims and the target does not need to be manipulated into performing any special functions.
    Threats that have the ability to become critical but have mitigating factors; for example, they may be difficult to exploit, do not result in elevated privileges, or do not have a large victim pool.
    Minor threats in which impact is minimized, such as DoS attacks that do not compromise the target or exploits that require an attacker to reside on the same LAN as the victim, affect only non-standard configurations or obscure applications, or provide very limited access.
    Warning-level threats that have very little impact on an organization's infrastructure. They usually require local or physical system access and may often result in victim privacy or DoS issues and information leakage.
    Suspicious events that do not pose an immediate threat, but that are reported to call attention to deeper problems that could possibly exist. URL Filtering log entries are logged as Informational. Log entries with any verdict and an action set to block are logged as Informational.
  • Decryption
    —Decryption logs display entries for unsuccessful TLS handshakes by default and can display entries for successful TLS handshakes if you enable them in Decryption policy. If you enable entries for successful handshakes, ensure that you have the system resources (log space) for the logs. See Cloud NGFW for AWS Decryption Log Fields for more information.

Log Destination

You have three choices of destination for your Cloud NGFW logs. These destinations all reside outside of the Cloud NGFW service but within your AWS account—S3 bucket, Cloudwatch log group, or Kinesis data firehose. Each log file is generated as a JSON file.
When you Subscribe to Cloud NGFW for AWS, you are asked to set up your AWS CloudFormation template stack. The stack prepopulates the logging destinations for CloudWatch log group and Kinesis Data Firehose delivery stream with a destination called
. The S3 Bucket field is not prepopulated. If you want to send the logs to a different destination, you must create that destination and replace the default value the name before you complete stack creation.
Each NGFW resource (displayed as the NGFW name in the log stream name) outputs its logs into multiple streams (distinguished by the string of random characters in the log stream name). Therefore, logs for a particular Cloud NGFW resource might be spread across multiple streams.
If you send the logs to a CloudWatch log group, you can view the log entries directly in the AWS CloudWatch console. In the CloudWatch log group you specify when configuring logging, you will see a list of log streams. The log stream name is displayed as:
For example /account123/us-west-1/firewall-1/qadd232312345dea/TRAFFIC.2022.02.10.23
The <random string> refers to the individual NGFW resource that generated the log.
You can click on the stream name to view log entries, which are displayed as shown in the following example.
If you send the logs to an S3 bucket, the log files are saved as a JSON file. The NGFW sends a new log file when one of the following criteria is met—the firewall has generated 256MB of logs or 10 minutes have elapsed since the last log file was generated. To locate the files in the S3 bucket you specify, access the S3 console in AWS and find the bucket you specified. Then select
. S3 bucket log file names adhere to the following format:
The <random string> refers to the individual NGFW resource that generated the log.
You can then download the file and use a JSON reader to view the logs in a more readable format. In addition to the log information, each log entry also contains a header that records the date, priority, time, firewall hostname, log type, year, month, day, hour, minute, and second.
If you send log files to a Kinesis Firehose, logs are sent to the stream name that you specify and then to the final destination; such as an S3 Bucket, Datadog, or Splunk. The source for your Kinesis firehose must be
Direct PUT or other sources
. In addition to the log information, each log entry also contains a header that records the date, priority, time, firewall hostname, log type, year, month, day, hour, minute, second, region, firewall name, and AWS account ID. The NGFW adds the region, firewall name, and AWS account ID to the logs to help identify where the log was generated because this information is not included in the log file name. You can then download the JSON file for viewing.
The times and dates recorded in log entries and log file names are displayed in UTC time. However, the log dates displayed in the AWS console are displayed in your local time and date.
  1. From the Cloud NGFW console, select
    and select the firewall on which to configure logging.
  2. Select
    Log Settings
  3. Under
    Log Type
    , select one or more option log type to be captured.
    You have the option to send all logs to the same destination or choose a different destination for each log type.
  4. Select the
    Log Destination
    . If you are selecting more than one log type, you must select the destination individually for each log type.
  5. Enter the
    Log Destination
    name. The log destination name must
  6. Click

Recommended For You