Devices with Static IP Addresses

IoT Security uses several methods to detect static IP addresses.
While most network-connected devices receive their IP addresses dynamically through DHCP, it’s common to reserve part of the network address space for use as static IP addresses for devices such as routers, printers, FTP servers, and DHCP servers. Beyond this common practice, there are some industries and facilities that use static IP addresses predominantly; for example, manufacturing, utilities, oil and gas, warehouses, order fulfillment centers, and processing and distribution centers. Because most automation and control applications use the IP address directly in their programs, it's important that robotic devices and controllers in assembly lines and processing centers have static IP addresses, which is why static addressing is so prevalent in these areas.
IoT Security can be deployed in networks where DHCP dynamically assigns IP addresses to devices, where network administrators manually configure devices with static IP addresses, and where there’s a combination of both. IoT Security uses multiple techniques for detecting and monitoring network activity and correlating it to individual devices. By examining the DHCP traffic logs that firewalls provide, it associates dynamically assigned IP addresses with device MAC addresses and adds these devices to its inventory. By looking at ARP logs, IoT Security also learns IP address-to-MAC address mappings and adds devices with static IP addresses, which might not otherwise be discovered through DHCP, to its inventory as well. However, by the very nature of ARP broadcasts, this only works for devices within the same Layer 2 broadcast domains as the reporting firewalls. For devices with static IP addresses beyond Layer 2 boundaries, IoT Security uses machine learning to discover network activity patterns indicating the likely presence of such devices. You also have the option of manually providing IoT Security with static IP address assignments through static IP device and subnet configurations.
Providing IoT Security with a static IP address configuration by itself is not enough to add a device to the inventory. IoT Security must also detect network traffic to or from a device with a configured static IP address. Then it adds the device to its inventory.
Use one of the following methods to add static IP devices and subnets to the IoT Security inventory:
IoT Security then uses the IP addresses of these devices (rather than their MAC addresses) to identify and track them.

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