Layer 2 Interfaces with No VLANs

Configure a Layer 2 Interface on the firewall so it can act as a switch in your layer 2 network (not at the edge of the network). The Layer 2 hosts are probably geographically close to each other and belong to a single broadcast domain. The firewall provides security between the Layer 2 hosts when you assign the interfaces to security zones and apply security rules to the zones.
The hosts communicate with the firewall and each other at Layer 2 of the OSI model by exchanging frames. A frame contains an Ethernet header that includes a source and destination Media Access Control (MAC) address, which is a physical hardware address. MAC addresses are 48-bit hexadecimal numbers formatted as six octets separated by a colon or hyphen (for example, 00-85-7E-46-F1-B2).
The following figure has a firewall with three Layer 2 interfaces that each connect to a Layer 2 host in a one-to-one mapping.
The firewall begins with an empty MAC table. When the host with source address 0A-76-F2-60-EA-83 sends a frame to the firewall, the firewall doesn’t have destination address 0B-68-2D-05-12-76 in its MAC table, so it doesn’t know which interface to forward the frame to; it broadcasts the frame to all of its Layer 2 interfaces. The firewall puts source address 0A-76-F2-60-EA-83 and associated Eth1/1 into its MAC table.
The host at 0C-71-D4-E6-13-44 receives the broadcast, but the destination MAC address is not its own MAC address, so it drops the frame.
The receiving interface Ethernet 1/2 forwards the frame to its host. When host 0B-68-2D-05-12-76 responds, it uses the destination address 0A-76-F2-60-EA-83, and the firewall adds to its MAC table Ethernet 1/2 as the interface to reach 0B-68-2D-05-12-76.

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